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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2485] (1002/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Ifc is impossible to deal here with the subject of the legislation of General Act
European countries in its bearing on the slave trade in the Persian
Gulf; but mention must be made of the General Act of the Brussels Conference,
Conference of 1890, which had for its object the repression of the 1890.
African slave trade. Two important provisions of the Act were those
contained in the 27th and 28th Articles; under the former, a slave taking
refuge on board a war-vessel of one of the signatory powers must be
immediately and definitively liberated, and, under the latter, the liberation
of a slave detained against his will on board a native vessel might be
pronounced by any agent, duly empowered for the purpose, of one of the
same powers. By the 4/2nd Article of the Act, war-ships of the signatory
powers were authorised to stop, and, if necessary, to arrest, on the high
seas, vessels of less than 500 tons suspected of being engaged in the slave
trade. The Act was ratified by Great Britain, France and Turkey, the
three powers chiefly concerned in Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. waters, on the 2nd of
January 1892 ; and it actually came into force on the 2nd of April 1892.
By France certain important reservations were made in regard to the
right of search by foreign war-vessels of craft under the French flag.
Questions relating to the meaning and application of agreements
and enactments.
Having concluded this slight survey of the laws of Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran.
states with reference to the slave trade, and taking for granted all
British legislation on the same subject, we proceed to refer to several
questions of law which have arisen in practice. Legal doubts, arising
chiefly from the complexity of the subject, from the insufficiency of the
best-devised rules to meet every case, and from confusion of law or juris
diction, have been frequent; and the feeling among British|officers that
slavery of every kind is morally wrong, not to mention the pecuniary
rewards decreed by British law for the liberation of slaves, has tended to
multiply legal difficulties.
One of the earliest points to come under discussion was the meaning of Meaning of
Article 9 of the Treaty of 1820 with the Trucial Shaikhs and the Shaikh Article 9 of
^1 of Bahrain, whereby the carrying off of slaves and the transporting of ^ e ^g20 e . a ^
^" them in vessels were declared to be plunder and piracy and were interdic-
m ted. The intention of the framers of the treaty can be gathered only from
G-eneral Sir W. Grant Keir's contemporaneous comment, that the article
"abolishes the slave trade of the subscribino- Powers, and must show
distinctly the abhorrence in which it is held by the British Govern
ment. " The point whether this article should be held to prohibit the
transporting in vessels of slaves purchased, as well as of slaves raided, was
first raised* by Lieutenant McLeod, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian
Gulf, after a visit to the Trucial Coast A name used by Britain from the nineteenth century to 1971 to refer to the present-day United Arab Emirates. and Bahrain in 1823; Lieutenant
McLeod held that it would be extremely inadvisable, and even dangerous,
to attempt to enforce the article in the wider sense, a sense in
whicfy moreover, it did not appear to have been understood by the Arabs^

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2485] (1002/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 6 December 2023]

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