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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2497] (1014/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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lie i
It was remarked in this year by Captain Dowding^ R.N., the Senior Sur an
Naval Officer in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , that Sur was one of the chief emporia i m P or tant
of the traffic from Africa; and he suggested that steps should be taken, Afrioan skve
apparently by the British Government, to strengthen the authority of trade, 1885
the Sultan at Sur. The political authorities, however, whose informa
tion led them to believe that Sur was not an obligatory port of call
for slavers and that such vessels frequently ran direct from Murbat in
Dhufar to their final destination, which was generally in Batinah, did
not support the proposal, and no action was taken.
In 1886 operations against slavers entering the Gulf were undertaken Extensive
on a large scale; H.M.S. a Reindeer/■ , a Woodlark,^ a Kingfisher " and British
" Sphinx 33 were employed on this duty from the 25th of April to the ^P|rations,
18th of June, and the a Woodlark 33 and "Kingfisher^ from July
to the 'ZSth of October. About 200 Arab craft were stopped and searched,
but of these only one, captured by the " Woodlark 33 on the 16 th of June,
contained any slaves ; they numbered 21. Most of the vessels examined
were found in ballast, and the masters explained that they had landed
ordinary cargoes on the southern coast of Arabia. It was certain, how
ever, that many slaves had been shipped for the African coast in this
year, and subsequently, in a manner not fully ascertained, considerable
numbers of ic raw 33 slaves began to reach Batinah and other parts of
^Oman, from which it was concluded that the trade had not been
suppressed but only diverted into some new channel.
Systematic cruising against slavers in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. and adjacent Course of
waters was continued after this from season to season, but for a time events, 1887-
there were no further successes; in 1890, however, H.M.S. ^
" Cossack 33 took and destroyed near Eas Jumailah an Arab vessel
which had fired on her boats. The trade, in some unaccountable manner,
was still actively carried on and even appeared to increase, the
inhabitants of Batinah being, as before, very deeply implicated ; and in
1890 the Shaikhs of Trucial 'Oman were formally reminded by
the British authorities of their treaty obligations in regard to the
The use of the French flag by slave traders to protect their vessels tjg e 0 f ^
from seizure by British cruisers had begun, as we have seen, about 1875 ; French flag
and by 1891 it had become somewhat common among the subjects of the and growth
Sultan of 'Oman. In 1892 the practice appeared likely to be extended to ^ ^t
the vessels of Trucial 'Oman, and in the same year slave cargoes began
to reach Basrah under French colours. It should be mentioned, how- 1896.
ever, in extenuation of the responsibility of the French Government,
that the use of their flag by slave traders was often unauthorised and
fraudulent. The whole matter of the French flag is discussed, in its
political aspect, in the histories of the 'Oman Sultanate and Trucial
; Oman, Here it is enough to mention that the Sultan of Oman was
early assured, on the authority of the Government of India, that his
subjects could not be removed from his jurisdiction by the acceptance of
#1 a foreign flag; but the precariousness of that ruler's position at Sur and
his fear of the French Government deterred him from taking action, and
the evil steadily grew.
iii ! i
if; 5 ||

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2497] (1014/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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