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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2500] (1017/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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was reported that slaves were abundant both, in the interior and on the
coast of 'Oman, and that the trade was in a flourishing condition.^ The
Sultan, however, disregarding the odium, gave all reasonable assistance
within his power for the suppression of the traffic; and, with his
co-operation, a considerable number of slaves were released at Masqat
between 1898 and 1902.
Large cap- At this juncture sudden retribution overtook the slave dealers of
turea of Sur 'Oman in an unexpected quarter, at nearly 3,000 miles distance from
slave traders homes. In the middle of February 190*2 information reached the
huese'in East Portuguese Governor of Mozambique, through a Portuguese explorer,
Africa, 1902. that a flotilla of Arab vessels of suspicious appearance was anchored m a
small inlet of Samuco Bay, less than 100 miles to the north of Mozam
bique, in a position such that they were screened from the view of ships
passing at sea. The fact was that a body of 'Omani Arabs had formed
a large camp at this place and established, virtually^ an armed occupation
of the district, where, with the assistance of Nampuita Muno, Shaikh of
Samuco, they were actively engaged in the purchase of slaves. An
expedition from Mozambique against the Arab camp was immediately
organised. On the 8th of March the Portuguese war-vessels San
Rafael/' " Liberal/' and " Chaimite/' under the command of Captain
Leima, met at a rendezvous outside Samuco Bay ; and on^the following
day a contingent was landed from the ships and effected a junction \ntn
a land force of armed natives commanded by Senhor d'Almeida. The
Arabs were surprised in their camp, and terms of surrender were offered
them, but were refused. The position was then attacked and^ captured
with little or no loss on either side, the Arabs flying with their arms at
the sight of the artillery which accompanied the column; they were,
however, pursued and captured to the number of 114. Almost all were
in possession of breech-loading rifles; and quantities of ammunition tel,
along with the camp, into the hands of the Portuguese. The vessels
belonging to the 'Omanis twelve in number, were also taken. Oil board ot
them was discovered a mass of correspondence written in the Arabic charac ••
er and Kiswahili language, which afforded ample documentary proof o o
established slave-dealing relations between most of the prisoners and t e
Shaikh of Samuco. In the camp 725 slaves were found, who had been
collected by Nampuita Muno from various sources, chiefly in the interior,
and sold to the 'Omanis at an average rate of £3 a head. Owing to ie
enormous number of the prisoners and of the witnesses against them, an _
to the non-availability for a time of a competent judge, the case was no ^
finally disposed of until the 3rd of October 1903, by which time near y a
third of the accused had died in confinement. Of the survivors 54 weie
sentenced to transportation for 25 years to the^ Portuguese province o
Angola on the west coast of Africa; and the Shaikh of Samuco also was
brought to justice. ^
At the end of February 1902, a few days before the Samuco affair,
an 'Omani vessel named the a Fatah Salam/' belonging to the same
gang, was seized by the Portuguese Commandant of the district o
Moma ou suspicion of slave-trading and was found to contain arms and
ammunition, but no slaves. The crew were brought to trial on the 18tli |
of May 1903, and thirteen of them, who survived long enough, were i\

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2500] (1017/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 8 December 2023]

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