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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2502] (1019/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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1873-75. In April 1873, after the conclusion of his Treaty with Great Britain,
a proclamation abolishing the slave trade in all his territories was published
by the Sultan of ^Oman; his attitude in regard to the Treaty also had
been highly satisfactory, contrasting strongly in this respect with
that of his brother Barghash, the Sultan of Zanzibar. For a time,
partly in consequence of the fear inspired by Sir Bartle Frere's mission,
the traffic in''Oman almost ceased; and in 1875, so far as could be
ascertained, only 40 or 50 African slaves were imported, most of whom
arrived under the French flag.
1876-77. In 1876 or 1877 several slaves, shipped as passengers, were detected
at Masqat on board the British steamer "Korsia" from Jiddah; they
were landed, condemned as fresh importations, and sent to Karachi by
the British Consul. About the same time a cargo of 80 ^ Abyssinian
slaves was reported to have been landed in ^Oman ; but the circumstances
of the case were such that it was impossible for the Sultan to take
Liberation of In 1878 or 1879 two Indians were released from slavery in Rustaq;
Indian slaves, and at the end of 1879 three Indian children were recovered from the
1878-79. possession of a gang of Hadhramaut Arabs, who had brought them
from Haidarabad in the Dakkhan and had offered them for sale at Sur.
In the latter case the children were sent back to India and the Sultan
was left to punish the Hadhramis as he saw fit.
1884. In connection with the revival of the import trade from Africa
the Sultan, in June 1884, issued a fresh anti-slavery proclamation in his
dominions 3 and in October of the same year he not only repeated the
proclamation but wrote letters to the Shaikhs of Trucial 'Oman, requesting
them to seize slaves who might be brought to their ports by his subjects.
Saiyid Turki, with whom the Treaty of 1873 had been made soon after his
accession and who continued to rule until 1888, showed throughout
his whole reign a praiseworthy disposition to support the anti-slayery
policy of the British Government; and more than once he received
the formal thanks of the Government of India for his efforts in the
good cause.
1890-93. In 1890 or 1891 an attempt was made to introduce 25 slaves at
Masqat from a French mail steamer on a voyage between Aden and
Karachi; it resulted in the imprisonment of six Arabs by the Sultan.
Similarly the British India steamer "Kistna," on arrival at Masqat
in September 1891, was found to contain 25 African slaves in charge or
Arabs; and the slaves, after being liberated with the assent of the Sultan
were sent to Bombay,—a proceeding that elicited a strong protest froni
Salih-bin-- , Ali, a turbulent political leader of the Sharqlyah district in the
interior. In 1892 there was a marked increase in the slave trade m ^on
' Oman, especially upon the Batinah coast; but Saiyid Faisal, the ruling
Sultan, whose attitude in slave trade as in other matters was less satis
factory An East India Company trading post. than his father Tnrkr's had been, made light of the question and
did nothing beyond issuing a fresh proclamation based on the Treaty
of 1873.
1894. in February 1894 an African freeman who had taken a passage on a
Baghlah Large trading vessel. at Lingeh^ on his way from Basrah to Zanzibar, was landed by

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2502] (1019/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 5 December 2023]

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