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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2506] (1023/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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1895. In the autumn of 1895, during the presence of British warships off
Bahrain in connection with the Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. crisis, a number of slaves took
refuge at the British Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. in Manamah and claimed their freedom ;
a number were found to be entitled to it, and on one occasion so many
as 31 individuals were liberated. Three of the slaves emancipated
belonged to the refractory colony of Dawasir Arabs at Budaiya' and
Zallaq, who expressed great dissatisfaction and threatened to emigrate
from Bahrain ; and the example of the Dawasir was followed by some
of the Sadah of Hadd and of the Al Bu Falasah tribe. The movement
for liberty among slaves in Bahrain seems at this time to have assumed
serious proportions j and the British authorities apparently found it
necessary to give an assurance to the leading men of Bahrain that the
emancipation of all slaves was not contemplated; it was added, however,
that all cases of fugitive slaves would continue to be investigated, and
that <( recent importations and ill-treated slaves " would be freed. In
November 1895 it was reported by the Commander of H.M .S.
"Pigeon" that the Arab slave owners of Bahrain had volun
teered to give a written undertaking to the Shaikh that they would not
in future buy, sell or give away slaves; but no advantage, apparently,
was taken of this offer. After these arrangements had been made the
Arabs again settled down • some Al Bu Falasah who had left the islands
returned to their homes; and slaves ceased for a time to apply for
1900. In 1900 Ahmad-bin-Sa'ad, a native of Kuwait residing in Bahrain,
was convicted of re-enslaving a boy who had received papers of
manumission from the British Consul at Ba-srah, and was fined $100
by the Shaikh of Bahrain,—a penalty to which the Government of
India took exception as inadequate.
1Qn . Matters continued on the footing of 1895 until ten years later,
when Captain Prideaux, the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in Bahrain, brought it to
the notice of the Government of India that the importation of slaves,
chiefly Africans, steadily continued in Bahrain, the principal offenders
being the Sadah of Hadd and the Dawasir of Budaiya/ and Zallaq; ne
estimated that the number of the slaves in Bahrain who had been
imported since 1847, and were therefore in his view entitled to freedom,
miffht now be reckoned in thousands. Captain Prideaux recommended
that steps should be taken to deal with the evil by the gradual extinction
of the institution of slavery in Bahrain on principles which had been
adopted in Zanzibar in 1891, and he made also some alternative
suggestions; but the Government of India considered the objections
ao-ainst the Political Agents proposals to be insuperable and directed,
instead, that no effort should be spared to detect and suppress tresn
importations of slaves j that every facility for obtaining manumission
papers should be afforded to newly imported slaves ; that encouragement
to applv for their freedom should not be offered to slaves who had been
long domiciled in the islands ; and that, in the event of long domiciled
slaves applying of their own accord for manumission, each case should
be considered on its merits with especial reference to the treatment ot
the slave, past and prospective, by his master. The Political Agen
was also authorised for the future, on the analogy of the practice at

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2506] (1023/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 13 July 2024]

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