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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2509] (1026/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Ports issued a notification to the effect that persons engaging in the
slave traffic would be punished, and the customs farmer was enjoined
to bring all cases of importation to the notice of the authorities.
In 1890 two slaves swam off to the British steamer a Calder at ^0-91,
Lingeh and claimed protection as British subjects from Aden. The
trade in slaves was now brisk at Charak and on Qais Island, at neither
of which places would the inhabitants suffer the Persian Deputy-
Governor of Lingeh to hold any investigation ; but an order prohibiting
the traffic was published by the Governor of the Gulf Ports at the request
of the British Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. . In 1891 there were reports of impor
tation of fresh slaves as Qishm, and an enquiry was held by the
Governor of the Gulf Ports, who eventually declared the statements to
be without foundation.
In 1896 an attempt made on the Persian coast to re-enslave a free- 1896.
man was defeated by his recovery at Lingeh, where he was taken on board
H. M.S. "Sphinx."
At Hanjam in 1904^ shortly after the reopening of the British 1904.
telegraph station on the island, a Baluchi slave boy escaped from an
Arab Baghlah Large trading vessel. belonging to the village of Suzeh on Qishm Island and
took refuge in the telegraph station, complaining that he had been sub
jected to ill-usage, and that attempts had been made to sell him at
Lingeh and on the coast of Trucial ^Oman. This slave was liberated ;
but no steps were taken, on account of technical difficulties, for adjudica
tion of the vessel from which he had escaped. One consequence of the
case was the extension to Hanjam of certain instructions, to be noticed
further on, which had been issued by the Government of India in 1885
regarding the treatment of fugitive slaves seeking refuge at British
telegraph stations on the Persian mainland; and notice was also drawn
to the fact that the registration, naming, and numbering of native vessels
were not qarried out at Persian ports in accordance with the terms of the
General Act of the Brussels Conference, and that crew and passenger
lists were not maintained on Persian vessels as required by the Act.
The attention of the Persian Government was directed by His Majesty^s
Legation to their neglect of these important provisions; and instructions
were issued from Tehran, but without any visible result, to the local
Persian officials in the Gulf. It was further suggested by Sir A.
Hardinge, the British Minister at Tehran, that steps might be taken to
obtain a transfer of the responsibility for enforcing the provisions in
question from the local governors to the Imperial Persian Customs ; and
M. Naus, the Persian Minister of Customs, privately signified his readi
ness to agree to such an arrangement; but the Government of India
deprecated the proposal on the ground that it would lead to indiscriminate
detention and search of all native vessels by the Customs, and it was not
proceeded with. It should be observed that the Persian Governor of the
Gulf Ports at this time raised a contention that the Brussels Act was
only applicable to African slaves.
In 1907 it was reported by the British Resident at Bushehr that 1907.
there were certainly in Shiraz, and probably throughout lars, large
numbers of slaves who must have been imported into Persia by sea since

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2509] (1026/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 1 December 2023]

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