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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2510] (1027/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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1882, in defiance of the Convention concluded that year for the sup
pression of the traffic in slaves. It was said that since 1903 the
Persian authorities at Shiraz had exerted the most ingenuity to avoid
carrying- out the stipulations of the Convention, and that strong local
pressure and frequent references to the British Minister at Tehran had
been necessary.
Local history of the slave trade in Persian Makran, 1873-1907.
1884-85. In 1884 or 1885 an Indian Khalasi Used by the British officials to refer to a non-European labourer, especially one employed on a ship. , who had at some previous time
been a slave but had succeeded in escaping to Karachi, was kidnapped
at Chahbar by his former master and carried off to Parag. The Persian
authorities were addressed on the subject, but with what result does not
1896. In 1896, as already mentioned in the paragraph on the slave trade in
the ■'Oman Sultanate, a gang of Baltic his on the Batinah coast, who dealt
chiefly in slaves purchased or kidnapped from Makran, were brought
to justice. At the time of its being broken up, the gang in question
had been carrying on its operations with impunity for several years.
1%3. The traffic in slaves from Makran to Arabia again came to notice in
1903, when it was reported that some men of the Jashk district and
some Jadgals of Bahu and Dashtyari were purchasing slaves, from the
inhabitants of Bahu and from Kalat subjects in Dasht, and were selling
them to merchants from the ^Oman coast, who came over to buy. The
principal places of export were then Tank and Wank in the Bir district ;
but slaves were also shipped at Galag and Sadaich. Many of the
slaves exported were Africans, but among them were now some low class
Baluchis who had been sold by petty headmen. Attention was first
drawn to this trade by a sudden influx of fugitive slaves into the free
port of Gwadar, as mentioned further on.
190!. In 1904 the trade, in its new form, was greatly stimulated by the
lawless proceedings of Said Khan, Chief of Gaih, who scorned the
country with an armed retinue, reducing poor Baluchis to slavery and
selling them ; the profits of his misdeeds were mostly invested in rifles
and ammunition. His example was quickly followed by Mir Barkat of
Jashk, who formed a gang for slave-dealing operations and refused to
desist, though frequent remonstrances were addressed to him by Mullas and
influential Baluchis of Jashk. The victims of the traffic were now drawn
not only from the districts already mentioned, but also from the Gaih
and Bint neighbourhoods, and even from Bashakard. The enslavement of
free Muhammadans is contrary to the law of Islam; but Said Khan and
Mir Barkat nevertheless found many imitators on a smaller scale. One
of those was a ruffian named Shai-bin-Sha J ban who at first made his
headquarters at Jashk; and it was estimated that, from this port rJone.
450 slaves were exported to Arabia during the three years ending in 1904,

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2510] (1027/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 13 July 2024]

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