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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2511] (1028/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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In 19D4 Shai-birt-Sha'ban came to a violent and well-deserved end in cronse
quence of a quarrel with Mir Bark at, whom he had offended by transfer-
ring 1 his operations from Jashk to Sadaich, a step by which Bark at was
deprived of his former half-share in the proceeds of Shar's business. Shai ;
^ii having been decoyed to Jashk on a pretext of negotiations, was there trea
cherously attacked at night by the Mir's men and lost 12 of his followers
killed ; "he fled to Jagin, but was pursued thither by Barkat and slain
with 25 more of his men ; 27 others of his gang and the whole of his
j property next fell into the hands of the hardly less infamous Mir.
Shortly before his death Shai had sold 49 slaves at an average of $150
each, and it was said that the plunder taken by Barkat from his camp
W| was ^ worth $4,000. Of Shar's followers only 11 escaped, but these
were desperate men, and it was expected that they would afterwards give
trouble in the Jashk district; up to the present, however, though there
reyioust have been several scares, they have not succeeded in committing any out-
is lit rages. In 1904 there was also another smaller, but active, gang of nine
slave-dealers, established at Gabrig. About this time 'Ali Raza Khan,
the chief of Bashakard, with his sons Muhammad Khan and Alak, raided
Jagin Balad, a x^laceon the Jagin River about 45 miles north or north-east
of Jashk, and captured a number of women and children whom he exported
as slaves to Sohar in 'Oman. It was the purchase of some of these by
the JamaMar of Sohar which brought that functionary into trouble, as
already mentioned. Of 95 slaves manumitted at Masqat in 1904-05 no
less than 60 were Persians or Baluchis who had been exported from
Makranto the Batinah coast. In 1905 the export trade from Makran
had again apparently ceased.
Local history of the slave trade at Gwadar, 1873-1907.
The course of events at Gwadar, a dependency in Makran of the
Sultanate of 'Oman, deserves a short separate notice.
By a clause in the Treaty of 187B the Sultan of^ Oman had bound 18 7 5-91.
himself to treat as free all persons entering his dominions after that date,
and the British Assistant Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Gwadar frequently insisted
on the liberation of slaves owned by the troublesome Rind tribe in the
vicinity, who had escaped from their masters and taken^ refuge at the
port. These manumissions, aided by other causes, occasioned, after 1875,
some difficulties with the Rinds, which are fully described in the history of
Gwadar, and by which the British telegraph establishment, as well as
the Sultan's government, were from time to time sufferers.
In May 1892 the Rinds demanded the surrender of 70 absconded 1892-94
slaves by the Gwadar authorities ; but it was refused, and, during the
winter of 1892-93, fugitives continued to arrive at Gwadar, where by May
1893 they had collected to the number of several hundreds. At this point,
in order to avert serious trouble, the refugees were persuaded to leave
Gwadar for British India, some of them being even provided with
the means of doing so by the British authorities. The situation, however,

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2511] (1028/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 July 2024]

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