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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2513] (1030/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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jes ^ 64
oii tl;,.
not be ill-treated. The Resident in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , Colonel Ross,
thereupon ordered that runaway slaves should not in future be admit
ted to premises owned^ in Persia by the British Government, as the
result would be a great influx of slaves, leading* to political complica-
tions, into the British stations. These instructions were approved
by the Government of India, with the proviso that exception should
^ o! slaJ be made in cases where, owing to the slaves being placed in immi-
sfeerj ak» n en t danger or otherwise, considerations of humanity might dictate
an opposite course. In 1904, in consequence of a case, described above,
which occurred there, the Jashk order was expressly made applicable
to Hanjam.
On the 1st August 1890 a decree was promulgated by the Sultan Proposal to
I of Zanzibar, putting an end to the traffic in domestic slaves in his restrict
u i dominions, setting various classes of domestic slaves immediately at domestic
| liberty, and making it easier for the remainder to obtain their freedom.
It was suggested that the adoption of a similar measure should be pressed tanate reject-
upon the Sultan of 'Oman ; but the local political officers, to whom this ed, 1891.
the m tu proposal was referred, criticised it adversely, pointing out that in the
id, as tte: peculiar circumstances of 'Oman any attempt to deal with domestic
only Mffl! slavery would be altogether ineffectual on account of the extent and
lie trafficiiit lawlessness of the country, while at the same time it might provoke a
'ersianGuI; |dangerous insurrection against the Sultan's authority. Eventually as it
jrsandiiib appeared that the Sultan, who declined to issue the decree suggested,
ongsocM; could not fairly be urged to do so unless he were also assured of British
r these iea» support in case of untoward results, the project was abandoned,
iefieialelect i "When the British Resident, at the end of 1899, visited Trucial Failure of an
states, w ^Oman to enquire into slave trade questions, he suggested that, as attempt to
hstain J® | was done at Masqat, manumission papers might in some circumstances be * ntl ' 0 ^ u ? e .
; but W granted to slaves taking refuge at the British Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. ; but even the of^omestic
lesssteadiljfif Shaikh of Sharjah, who was the least obdurate, declined to entertain the s i a ves in Tm-
orms. i proposal, on fch^ ground thai his subjects would demand compensation cial 'Oman,
utaltyit M of him for every slave released. 1899.
asionallj ^ We have already seen, in examining the question of the local slave Proposal to
who are trade in Bahrain, that Captain Prideaux, the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. there, restrict
laiffl,anM suggested in 1905 the application to the Shaikhdom of the policy which 'lomestic _
whom 2 H had been adopted in Zanzibar in 1891. The Government of India, re^
however, while they declared that it was their object a now, as always, ^ c ted, 1905.
■gidu ^ discourage slavery under any terms, and to move steadily in the
L consul f rec tion of its abolition," considered that there was, as matters stood,
110 real analogy between the situations existing in Zanzibar and in
tof ft Bahrain, and that a mistake would be committed if, by precipitate or
sentimental action, a slavery question were gratuitously raised in the
tlle ^ authorised the manumission of slaves in the future by the Political
rSiaI1 JIW ^rsian Gulf. As already mentioned, however, in an earlier paragraph,
jJ Agent, acting on his own responsibility with the consent—which might
n ot be withheld- of the Shaikh of the islands; and the instructions
j J Wei,e 80 worded as to permit the emancipation even of domestic slaves, in
fiJ c ases in which they had been badly used or in which no sufficient
den#, j guarantee was offered for their subsequent good treatment. ^ An attempt
1 # Was a ^ so ln ade, under the orders of G overnment, to obtain from the
f 168

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2513] (1030/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 6 December 2023]

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