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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2518] (1035/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Progress of
tlie epidewnc.
Turkish qua.'
Cholera and Turkish quarantine in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , 1865.
In the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. this epidemic made great havoc at Masqat in the
summer of 1865. On the Persian side the disease advanced from India
along the coast of Makran to Minab, which it reached in May 1865, and
spread to Bandar ^Abbas, but died away inland at Darab, Fasa and
Jahrum. From Bandar ^ Abbas the cholera travelled along the northern
coast of Qishm Island and arrived at Lingeh in August; then it extended
along the coast to Kundarun near MughUj Charak, Chiru, Nakhiluand
^Asaluj at ^ Asalu it ceased to advance. In the meantime a separate stream of
infection, originating in Hijaz, crossed Arabia in a north-easterly direc
tion, visiting the towns of ■'Anaizah and Dara'iyah, and reached the
Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. at Jahrah near Kuwait, where it broke out in encampments
of the Mutair and Bani Khalid tribes. Kuwait escaped, but on the 25th
or 26th of August the disease appeared in the Dawasir tract on the Shatt-
al- Arab, and on the 8th of September at Basrah. In the autumn of
1866 there was a slight epidemic of cholera at Baghdad.
Quarantine had already been informally instituted by the Turkish
authorities at Basrah on the 25th of May 1864^, and it was formally
notified there for the first time with effect from the 1st of January 1865.
It is interesting to observe that so early even as 1864 the Turks appear
to have contemplated the establishment of a quarantine station at Fao ;
but their intention was not, apparently, carried out until later.
The Constantinople Cholera Conference, 1866.
The necessity of sanitary arrangements for the defence of Europe
against Asiatic cholera was now recognised, and an International Con
ference, proposed originally by the French Government, met in Constanti
nople in February 1866 to consider the question. Eepresentatives of
Turkey and Persia, as well as of Great Britain and other European powers,
took part in the deliberations.
The origin and propagation of cholera were fully discussed for the first
time in their scientific aspects, and the Conference finally arrived at the
following principal conclusions—that India, where it was permanently
endemic, was the prime source of Asiatic cholera; that intercourse,
between countries, especially maritime intercourse, was the chief means of
propagation ; and that great deserts constituted the most effectual barrier
to the progress of the disease.
General # The Conference recommended that no efforts should be spared to ex-
lecommenda- tinguish the disease at its source in India, and that a scientific system of
quarantine by land and sea should be established to prevent its progress
westwards, especially in the countries most nearly adjoining India, for it

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2518] (1035/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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