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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2524] (1041/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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to Persia.
where deaths in the town and its neighbourhood were said to have
reached a total of 3,000, the victims included Mr. Robertson, the British
Consul, and his two children; and at Baghdad, also, more than one
casualty was sustained by the European community.
Before the epidemic had appeared at Basrah the Turkish authorities
endeavoured to prevent its importation into Baghdad by prohibiting the
river-steamers on the Tigris from touching at intermediate points; and
after the outbreak at Basrah they insisted on the journey to Baghdad
being broken at Kut-al-Amarah, where the infected steamer from below
was met by a clean vessel from above; but these measures, as might have
been expected in a country which presents no obstacles to movement by
land, proved ineffectual. When cholera, notwithstanding these precau
tions and preventive posts at Musaiyib and iMahawil, gained a footing in
Baghdad, the Turkish officials still tried to save Karbala, Hillah and
Najaf by means of sanitary cordons between those places and the capital;
but the result justified the conclusions of the Conferences of Vienna and
Rome in regard to land quarantine, and the disease took toll of the
western towns as it had done of the others in the province.
In August 1889 the epidemic extended from Turkish ; Iraq into Persia ;
and in the course of the succeeding two months outbreaks occurred in
^Arabistan (especially at Muhammareh and Shushtar), in Behbehan, and
at various places upon the coast of Fars. Some cases occurred at Bushehr
before quarantine was established; but suitable measures were taken by
the British Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Surgeon, and there the disease did not spread.
Cholera Conference at Venice, 1892.
Early in 1892 another International Sanitary Conference assembled
at Venice; it was convened, not on account of any prevalence of cholera
in Europe at the time, but in consequence of certain proposals which had
been advanced by Austria in 1890.
The principal objects of the Conference were, in large measure,
attained; they were to remodel the Sanitary, Maritime and Quarantine Board
of Egypt, to obtain a diminution of the quarantine restrictions imposed
on vessels entering the Mediterranean from the Red Sea, and to secure lee,
for certain classes of infected or suspected vessels the privilege of passing ^
the Suez Canal a in quarantine."" By this Conference ships were still ^
classified in three categories as " infected " " suspected ^ and " healthy ;
but the class formerly " infected 33 had now been subdivided (according to
the date of occurrence of cholera on board) into "infected" and
" suspectedwhile the formerly " suspected" class had become
" healthy further it was adopted as a principle by this Conference that
restrictions on vessels should for the future depend upon actual disease on
board ship, rather than upon a constructive contamination according to the
health of the port of departure.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2524] (1041/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 28 November 2023]

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