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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2530] (1047/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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the Persian
epidemic of
October; and in December it occasioned about 30 deaths at Jashk.
In the course of the year it also reached Minab, where it did not die out
until January 1903 and where it unexpectedly revived for a time in the
month of September.
Early in 1904 cholera prevailed at Basrah, and from Basrah it made
its way to Baghdad, where it assumed a serious form and caused trade to
cease for about three months. Prom Turkish 'Iraq the disease seems to
have spread into Persia by two lines meeting at Isfahan ; the first was
by Kirmanshah, the other was by sea to the coast of Tangistan and
thence by the Bushehr-Shiraz road. At Shiraz over 7,000 persons are
said to have died, but the town of Bushehr escaped. It is probable that
the infection also reached the centre of Persia vid ^Arabistan and the
Bakhtiyari road ; for at Muhammareh, where over 200 deaths occurred,
cholera was already prevalent in May, and between July and October its
ravages at Ahwaz, Shushtar and Dizful were considerable. The Bahrain
Islands were attacked in May, and by September over 1,200 deaths were
said to have resulted ; many of the inhabitants fled to other parts of the
Gulf. In July the disease arrived in Trucial 'Oman, where, at the time
of its cessation in September, 8,000 fatal cases were believed to have
occurred. It also visited the 'Oman Sultanate, spreading from one large
place to another and causing great havoc in the interior. In Wadi A seasonal or intermittent watercourse, or the valley in which it flows.
Samailj Wadi A seasonal or intermittent watercourse, or the valley in which it flows. Fara' (or Rustaq) and the ports of Batinah the deaths
were estimated at 14,000 ; but at Masqat there were only 43, and at
Matrah only 12 deaths,—a happy result which may perhaps be attributed
to the sanitary measures enforced in those towns under the advice of the
British Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. Surgeon.
The early history of plague.
We turn now to the subject of bubonic plague,—a disease of whicli it
may be said that, as a matter of intercontinental importance, it is more
ancient as well as more modern than cholera ; for, while cholera is m
Europe of recent introduction, and even in Asia cannot be traced back
with certainty to an epoch more remote than the second decade of the
19th century, plague on the other hand comes down from a high antiquity
and was in the middle ages so prevalent in Europe that the western
continent may even be considered to have been at that time its principal
In Libya plague seems to have existed as early as the 3rd century
B. C.^ and Europe suffered in the 6th century A. D. from a visitation of
what must almost certainly have been bubonic plague. In the 14th
century A. D., under the name of the Black Death, plague ravaged the
countries of Europe after a fashion almost unparallelled in the history of
epidemics, and destroyed (it has been estimated) not less than one-fourth
of the entire population. The Black Death was believed to have been
imported into Europe from the East, through Genoa; but, if this were
the case, it soon became acclimatised in a remarkable degree, and it
remained during the 15th, 16th and ]7th century a very common and

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2530] (1047/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 8 December 2023]

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