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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2531] (1048/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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destructive scourge in western lands. The Great Plague of London in 1664-
65 was one of the last severe manifestations of the disease in the more civi
lised countries of the west; in the 18th century plague gradually retreated
towards the shores of the Mediterranean ; and at the beginning of the 19th
century central and north-western Europe had become almost exempt
from its ravages.
Bubonic plague in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , 1773-1877.
But while plague relaxed its hold on Europe it continued to recur at
intervals in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. ^ or at least in Turkish ■'Iraq ; there, too, it
was in all probability a disease of ancient standing, but its ravages did
not attract much notice until after its decline in the Occident,
Early in April 177.S plague manifested itself at Basrah, and,
according to information received by the members of the British factory An East India Company trading post. ,
the mortality there from the disease soon rose to 1,000 deaths a day.
Of the representatives of the East India Company some shut themselves
up in the factory An East India Company trading post. in the town, while others betook themselves to
" Belvoir 3 \ a place about 4 miles off, in the hope that the violence of
the disease would abate with the approach of the hot weather; but on the
contrary it continued to increase, and on the 22nd of April the Agent in
Council resolved to retire temporarily with his staff to Bombay. The
party left Basrah the next day in the Company^s ships " Drake " and
" Tiger/-' of which the a Tiger ^ with her passengers—as elsewhere
related—was captured at sea by the Persians; but the a Drake
reached Bombay in safety on the 14th of May and was sent to perform
quarantine at Butchers Island, where the four gentlemen who had arrived
in her were detained until the 17th of June. On the 28th of October
the staff of the factory An East India Company trading post. again left Bombay for Basrah ; and when, after
a long voyage, they arrived on the 5th of January 1774 at their destina
tion, they learned that the plague had ceased after causing in the town
and neighbourhood a loss of life estimated at 200,000.* They themselves
found the inhabitants " almost all dead, those few that are remaining
Again in April 1802 plague broke out at Baghdad and assumed
alarming proportions ; the Pasha An Ottoman title used after the names of certain provincial governors, high-ranking officials and military commanders. fled at the first appearance of the disease
without taking any measures to prevent its diffusion.
In 1831, plague having made its appearance in a severe form at
Baghdad, the British "Resident there (Major Taylor) considered it
advisable to remove with his staff to Basrah ; but in January 1832
the malady attacked Basrah with such violence that he thought it
better to return to Baghdad. In this epidemic, which did not altogether
cease until 1834, the city of Baghdad is said to have been to a large
extent depopulated,—a circumstance which renders more intelligible the
phenomenal increase of its inhabitants during the last half century.
Epidemic of
1773 in
Epidemic of
1802 in
Epidemic of
1831-34 in
* In view of the present population of the Basrah Wilayat, this and the
former estimate of 1,000 deaths a day both appear excessive,
169 A

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2531] (1048/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 13 July 2024]

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