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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2535] (1052/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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itself at Bombay^ its existence there being officially notified for the first
time on the 2nd of August; and soon after it began to spread over the
whole of India with calamitous results which have become a matter of
common knowledge and still continue. Since 1896 this epidemic of
plague has extended to various countries and to other continents besides
Asia; but^ except in India, it has not obtained a firm hold nor have its
ravages been serious. The earliest cases in Europe were detected at Oporto
in 1899 : it is not known by what route the disease reached that place.
Plague Conference at Venice, 1897.
The first event of importance which followed the outbreak of plague
in India was the meeting at Venice in 1897 of an International
Sanitary Conference to deal with the problems created by the unfamiliar
disease. The resolutions passed by the Conference,—though only partially
accepted and still less completely carried out by the powers concerned,
—are important and demand examination; for they inaugurated new
methods of preventive procedure and conferred the imprimatur of science
upon an administrative scheme for the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. which was, and still
remains, diplomatically impossible.
But first it is necessary to understand the constitution and status of The Constati
the Board of Health at Constantinople,— a body which has already been
mentioned and which will hereafter claim frequent notice, both as an Health?
instrument of Turkish sanitary policy and as a mandatory of European
opinion. The Constantinople Board of Health, more correctly known as
the Conseil Superieur de Sante, was created in 1840 by the Ottoman
Sultan of the day to facilitate measures for combating plague. Without
restrictions on personal liberty and the imposition of special dues nothing
could be effected; and without the concurrence of the leading Christian
powers, whose subjects enjoyed rights of extraterritoriality in Turkey,
the executive and financial ordinances of the Ottoman Government would
have remained a dead letter in respect of foreigners. For the purpose,
then, of associating the principal European Governments in the scheme
and of securing their support, the Board of Health was called into exist
ence by an Imperial Irade; it consisted (and still consists) of a Turkish
President (the Minister, namely, for Foreign Affairs), of eight ordinary
Turkish members, and of one delegate each of the 13 nationalities which
are diplomatically represented at the Porte. The Board deals with all
questions relating to the protection of the Turkish Empire against the
introduction of disease from other countries. The decisions of the Board
depend on a majority of votes of the members ; they are not operative,
except in an emergency, until confirmed by the Turkish Government,
The funds at the disposal of the Board are derived from dues levied
according to tonnage on all vessels entering Turkish ports; from taxes on
pilgrims, and on the corpses of Shi'ahs brought into Turkish 'Iraq for
burial; and from quarantine and other sanitary fees. The position of the
Board'in relation to the Turkish Government is undefined and has

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2535] (1052/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 28 November 2023]

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