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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2537] (1054/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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These were for the most part changes of detail rather than of prin
ciple. But the proposals of the Conference in regard to the executive
^ apparatus required in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. were of a novel and revolutionary
I a type, not foreshadowed in any earlier Conference unless by the sugges-
tji tion of the American delegates at Paris in 1894. A sanitary station was
to be created at the entrance of the Gulf on the island of Hormuz or on
Qishm, or at some place in that vicinity, and was to be provided with
a small hospital, disinfecting appliances,, and at least two doctors besides
sanitary inspectors and guards, while, in the neighbourhood of Basrah, a
station equipped with a large lazaret and disinfecting plant was to be
brought into existence under a medical staff consisting of several doctors.
All vessels visiting the Gulf were to call first at the outpost near the
entrance of the Gulf and were there to be treated according to the rules ;
but, on condition of taking a sanitary inspector and two guards on
board, they might continue their voyage in quarantine up the Gulf to be
dealt with finally at Basrah. Ships carrying passengers or goods for
Persian ports might, after suitable sanitary arrangements had been
instituted at Bushehr, disembark them at that place; but in the
absence of such arrangements they should have no option, and must land
them either at the Hormuz station or at Basrah. The sanitary posts
at Hormuz and Basrah were to be subject to the control of the Board of
Health at Constantinople, and the political arrangements regarding the
Hormuz station were to be settled by an agreement between the Turkish
and Persian Governments; in the meantime, however, a temporary
post was to be established by the Constantinople Board of Health
upon one of the islands at the entrance of the Gulf. These remarkable
proposals appear to have been of French origin. Their effect was
somewhat modified by a declaration which the British delegates made
at the Conference, that it must be understood that the measures in
the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. should be applicable to arrivals from Indian ports
only so long as those ports were infected with plague.
The Convention of 1897 was ratified by Great Britian on the 30th
of December 1898 and by Persia on the 31st of October 1899 ; the
British ratification, apart from the declaration made during the sitting
of the Conference, was unconditional. The Persians were anxious that
the sanitary station at the mouth of the Gulf should be located on the
Persian mainland, and soon after the dissolution of the Conference the
Persian delegate on the Board of Health at Constantinople urged the
suitability of Jashk (which however he described as an island !) for that
purpose ; but the point was not pressed, and the Persian ratification
was accompanied merely by a declaration that it " remained understood^
that the flag flown and the armed guards employed at the Hormuz
station should be Persian.
The attitude of the Turkish Government was characteristic. They
professed a desire to ratify the Convention, but only subject to a prepos
terous declaration which substituted Kuwait for Hormuz in the Persian
Gulf scheme, postulated the subjection of the entire sanitary system of
the Gulf to the Constantinople Board of Health and enhanced the period of
observation for plague from 10 to 12 days, power being further reserved
to the Ottoman Government to extend it ad libitum in their own ports.
Sckeme of
the Confer
ence for the
of the Con
by Great
Britain and
tion by

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2537] (1054/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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