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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2558] (1075/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Renewal of
the prohibi
tion in
Persia, 1891.
To meet the incipient danger in Makran the Sultan of 'Oman, at the
instance of the Government of India, forbade by means of a proclamation
dated the 3rd of March 1891 the importation and exportation of
arms and ammunition at Gwadar.*
In Persia, in the same year, the Shah's prohibitory edict of 1881 was
reiterated in stringent terms, apparently in consequence of infractions
of the law having come to the notice of the authorities through the sale
of arms by British and Parsi merchants at Tehran.
More rapid progress of the trade, 1891-97.
Direct ship
ments from
Europe and
growth of the
Masqat mar
on exporta
tion from
'Oman to
Africa, 1892.
Increase of
the trade at
Increase of
the trade
The stream of arms flowing from Zanzibar into Masqat continued
to increase in volume, and it was estimated that, between April 1890 and
June 1892, no less than 11,500 firearms were landed at the latter port.
A large proportion of these were brought by the Sultan of Zanzibar's
steamers, and the three principal Khojah merchants at Matrah were
now engaged in the trade. Direct shipments from Europe had also
begun, and at the end of 1890 a consignment of 420 Enfields from
Austria-Hungary for Khojah merchants at Gwadar was stopped at
Karachi. More than half the arms received were, even at this period,
re-exported from Masqat to Kuwait, Bahrain and other ports in the
Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. ; thus early was the development of Masqat into the chief
arms emporium of the Middle East foreshadowed.
A few arms were carried also from Masqat to Sur and other places
on the 'Oman seaboard, and complaints began to be received through
Zanzibar of exportation from Masqat to the Somali and Banadir coasts
of Africa. The allegation was not clearly established ; but the Sultan of
'Oman, to satisfy the scruples of the British Government, by an order
dated 30th April 1892 prohibited the re-exportation from his territories
to Africa of firearms received from that quarter. The Sultan, how
ever, from a fear that his subjects might be led to seek French maritime
protection in increasing numbers, would not consent to the search of
'Qmani vessels by British men-of-war, and the order remained virtually a
Year by year the trade continued to expand at Masqat, where it was in
all respects legal and was favourably regarded by the Sultan on account
of the large profits that he derived from the import duty on arms.
About 1895 it began to assume really formidable dimensions. The
importations of 1895-96 at Masqat were estimated at 4,350 rifles and
604,1)00 cartridges, and those of 1896-97 at 20,000 rifles with a
proportionate number of cartridges.
Nor were indications wanting of the progress of the trade in Persia,
although in that country it had for 10 years been absolutely forbidden
* This prohibition was inconsistent with certain of his obligations under com
mercial treaties. It is difficult to understand why its propriety has not even yet
been questioned by any foreign power.
ict jbut
,. ) wj
"A the

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2558] (1075/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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