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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2560] (1077/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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The attention of the Government of India attracted by the trade
in the Gulf, 1896-97,
The importance to the Government of India of the arms trade in
the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. ; perceived at the time of the Afghan War, had for
a time been forgotten. At the end of 1896, however, the military
authorities in India became desirous of knowing the destination of the
enormous quantities of military material which were now being poured
into the Gulf, and local enquiries were set on foot which showed that
about 60 per cent, of these imports found their final market in Persian
territory, while about 25 per cent, were absorbed by the Turkish
possessions in the Gulf and the remaining 15 per cent, by non-Turkish
In 1897 the Sultan of Masqat—on pretext of checking a trade
dangerous to the stability of his government which had been severely
shaken by a rebellion in 1895, but in reality only for the sake of increas
ing his customs-revenue—proposed to enhance the duty on arms and
ammunition imported at Masqat to a rate above that of the 5 per cent,
fixed in his commercial treaties with European powers. The British Gov
ernment, in view of the check which, however slight, the measure might
have imposed on the arms trade, suggested to the Government of the
French Eepublic that the treaties might be modified to admit of a duty of
per cent, being taken on arms, but the proposal was not favourably
received and was abandoned. The Sultan however, acting on his own
initiative, soon afterwards raised the rate of duty to 6 per cent., at which
figure it has since been maintained without protest on the part of the
dealers or of any foreign government.
Less than six months had elapsed after the investigation made at the
instance of the Indian military authorities^ when the tribal risings of
1897 on the Indo-Afghan frontier suddenly brought the question of the
Gulf arms trade into great prominence, and the theory was propounded
that a part of the tribal armaments might have been derived from the
Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. . It was decided, however, without waiting for definite
proofs that the frontier of India was affected, to take measures against
the illicit trade in arms between England and Persia,—an evil in itself
of no slight magnitude.
Attack by the British Government on the illegal trade in arms,
To this end the Persian Government were moved through the Hon'ble
C. Hardinge, then British Charge d^Affaires at Tehran, to take steps
for enforcing the actual law and for confiscating the stores of arms which

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2560] (1077/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 9 December 2023]

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