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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2561] (1078/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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had been illegally imported into Busliehr and were accumulated there.
The British proposals were heartily welcomed by the Persian Government,
themselves now thoroughly alarmed at the proportions which the
trade had attained ; nor were their fears without justification. In
the neighbourhood especially of Bushehr, no grown man any longer
enjoyed social consideration or could obtain a wife who did not possess a
rifle; the Bushehr-Shiraz road was frequently closed by the heavily
armed tribes of Tangistan, who, if they had been united among them
selves, might even have been able at this time to capture the town of
Hushehr; and in fact, as aptly remarked by a Persian, " Martini Khan v
was now Shah of the south of Persia. On the 11th of December the Persian
Government announced that orders had been given for the confiscations to
take place, and on the 15th of December they went so far as to agree that
all mercantile vessels trading in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. under their flag might
be searched for arms and ammunition by British men-of-war, any contra
band found on board being handed over to themselves. They also associat
ed themselves with the British Government in a request to the Sultan of
'Oman that he would warn his subjects of the illegality of exporting arms
to Persia, and would authorise British war-vessels to search British,
Persian and ^Omani vessels in his territorial waters, and to seize and
confiscate the cargoes of arms owned by British, Persian or 'Omani
subjects which might be found on board, if destined for illicit importa
tion into Persia.
In pursuance of the Anglo-Persian understanding the Sultan of
; Oman was approached by Colonel M. J. Meade, then Political Resi
dent in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , and the adherence of the Masqat Government
to the arrangements was secured ; not however without difficulty, for the
Sultan apprehended that interference with the arms trade would result
in a diminution of his customs revenue. A notification and proclama
tion in the sense required, applying equally to British, to Persian and to
'Omani subjects and vessels, were issued by the Sultan on the 13th of
January 1898.
At Bushehr the Persian Government had appointed the Malik-ut-
Tniiar a former governor of the port, to be preventive officer, on the
curious condition that one-third of the arms confiscated by hus instrn-
mentality should be given him as a reward; and on the 7 th ot December
operations commenced with the seizure of 150 rifles and 149,000
cartridges belonging to Messrs. Fracis, Times & Co Searches continued
to he made intermittently at Bushehr until March 1898 and resulted in
the seizure, altogether, of some 5,339 rifles and 1,241,253 rounds of
ammunition, a small proportion of which were subsequently restored as
having been landed at Bushehr by mistake, or as belonging to other than
British or Persian subjects. Of the arms seized, 4,000 rifles and 933,294
cartridges, mostly belonging to Messrs. Fracis, Times & Co were the
property of firms under British protection ; the remainder mostly belonged
to Persian merchants. There was some excitement' at Bushehr during
the seizures, and, although the losses fell chiefly on ^reign sub^ts,
a certain risk of popular disturbances was incurred The confiscated
arms were sent by caravan to Tehran m Apn an une •
was at first feared that in Persia the arms trade, after it had been
considered impossible for the firms under British protection, would be
r 171
in 'Oman.
Seizure of
arms at
Bushehr by
the Persian

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2561] (1078/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 5 December 2023]

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