Skip to item: of 1,262
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer

'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2564] (1081/1262)

This item is part of

The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

was not in any way prompfced by the Britisli authorities, but it may
have been instigated by Agha Muhammad Eahim ; who, besides having
private claims against Messrs. Fracis, Times and Co., had recently
become aware that the British Government, whom he represented, viewed
the traffic with disfavour.
Colonel Meade, the British Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. at Bushehr, arrived in
Bahrain on the 4th of February 1898, and partially examined the arms
seized ; but he declined to intervene in the matter, either by taking charge
of the arms, as suggested by the Shaikh, or by pressing 1 for their release,
as desired by Mr. Fracis—one of the partners—-who was then pre
sent on the spot. In September 1899 an attempt, noticed in the history
of Bahrain, was made by a favourite of the Shaikh to tamper with
the confiscated arms and gave rise, in consequence of an assault on
Hindu British subjects which it involved, to some unpleasantness between
the Shaikh and the British authorities ; but it did not in any way affect
the general issue of the disposal of the arms.
Eventually in April 1900, Agha Muhammad Rahim being then dead;
the Shaikh became desirous of restoring the arms to Fracis, Times and
Company, and on the 2nd of June 1906 they were handed back to the
owners, in a much damaged condition, on the understanding that
they should not be sold in Bahrain, or Qatar, or on the Arab Coast.
Consternation among dealers and litigation fpllowing the seizure,
of 1897-98.
The seizures at Bushehr, Masqat and Bahrain made a profound sensa
tion and excited much indignation and anxiety among the firms and traders
in England, whose interests were involved. The Foreign Office in London
was inundated with letters and besieged with representations from the
manufacturers, exporters, ship-owners and underwriters, whose pockets
had been touched in various ways. The nefarious business itself was even
depicted in moving terms as an a honest trade, carried on for nearly
twenty years, and now threatened with extinction by the action of the
British Government.^
Legal proceedings against Government officers followed. Messrs. Fraeis>
Times & Co. brought a suit against Commander Carr of the Lapwing'^
for the value of their arms seized on the a Baluchistan ^ and they
instituted another against Colonel Meade with reference to the confisca
tions at Bushehr and Bahrain, for which, they alleged, he, and not the
territorial authority, was responsible. In both suits the defence was
undertaken by the Treasury, and the final result in each case was favour
able to the defendants and to Government. In the suit against Commander
Carr it was finally ruled by the House of Lords on the 8th of July 1901
that a British jury could not go behind the decision of the Masqat court,
which had held that the munitions seized were intended for Persia, that
not ling had been done contrary to the law of Masqat, and that the
seizme was legal. In Colonel Meade's case judgment was given for the

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2564] (1081/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 8 December 2023]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="">'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [&lrm;2564] (1081/1262)</a>
<a href="">
	<img src="!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it. in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image