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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2577] (1094/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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of inform^
Masqat was virtually stopped ; but the indifference or covert opposition
of the Shaikh prevented the application of any effectual check to the
trade between Qatar and the coast villages of Bahrain.
Early in 1907 an allegation that British steamers were being utilised
by persons engaged in the arms trade with Bahrain and Kuwait was
brought by the Secretary of State for India to the notice of the head
office of the British India Steam Navigation Company, and an imme
diate inquiry into the matter was undertaken by the latter.
A very brisk despatch of arms and ammunition from Masqat to Kuwait
Kuwait, partly by steamer and partly by native boat ; was carried on
during the period under consideration, notwithstanding the agreement
signed by the Shaikh in 1900. In December 1905 the Russian steamer
a Trouvor ^ landed 25 cases of arms at the port; in the same month
a consignment; estimated at 3^000 rifles with ammunition, was discharged
there by 2 Bums from Masqat; and in February 1906 the arrival by
sea at Kuwait of 4,500 rifles and 1,500 cases of ammunition was
In these circumstances His Majesty^s Government, after consulting
the British Ambassador at Constantinople, who regarded the free import
of arms at Knwait as open to misconstruction by the Turks, authorised
a remonstrance with the Shaikh on the subject of the trade. The ques
tion was accordingly broached to him by Captain S. G. Knox, the Polit
ical Agent, in April 1906 ; but the Shaikh took the rebuke in bad part,
denied the existence of any considerable trade, and showed such unmis-
takeable signs of displeasure that it was considered inexpedient, in
view of the political importance of his friendship, to press further for
a strict observance of the prohibition of 1900.
There was a slight lull in the trade at Kuwait during the progress
of this incident; but, by the month of September 1906, it was once more
in full vigour.
On the Persian side of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. something had already been p er sian
effected by the Imperial Persian Customs towards the suppression of Coast,
the trade at the principal ports ; but, in most cases, this merely signified
a diversion into new and more obscure channels. On more than one
occasion attempts made by Customs officers to take action^ at a distance
from their own headquarters, against smugglers of arms ended in igno
minious failure.
By August 1905 it was reported the arms trade had been extin
guished on the coast between Minab and Lingeh ; but the state
ment was at least premature, for, in March 1907, a heavy consign
ment of contraband goods was landed in Clarence Strait by a sailing
vessel from Masqat which eluded a Customs launch sent to capture her,
and on shore the smugglers, who had with them about 80 camels and
were fully armed, handled the Customs guards of the Gachin post severely
on their attempting to interfere, afterwards disappearing in the direc
tion of Lar.
Even in the neighbourhood of Bushehr itself the state of affairs was
hardly better. In October 1906 a boat from Masqat, chartered by the
Shaikh of Chah Kutah and others and supposed to contain 1,200 Martini-
Henry rifles and 10,000 cartridges, reached Bulkhair and successfully

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2577] (1094/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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