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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2595] (1112/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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The funds with which their obligations to the Bank were discharged appear
to have been obtained by the Persian Government from a Russian
sonrce; and this^ at least, is certain^ that the Russian Government had
regarded the arrangement with jealousy.
Reorganisation of the Persian customs as the Imperial Persian
Until 1899 the realisation of customs revenue in Persia continued to Former
take place on old-fashioned Asiatic principles. In other words the system,
duties were farmed to officials or local magnates, and there was no
uniformity of system nor—except in the case of foreign traders—of
tariff ; while the proceeds which reached the Persian treasury were small
in relation to the sums actually collected from the people, and the
arbitrary powers of the farmers were highly unfavourable to trade.
The financial embarrassments of Persia, beginning about the year Reasons for
189^, were the instrument by which a reform of this wasteful and the change,
pernicious system was at length brought about; for European loans could
only be obtained on tangible security; and efficiently managed customs
were the only such security which Persia had it in her power to create.
Early in 1898 the Shah obtained the services of M. Naus, a Belgian Employment
customs expert, who was accompanied by two professional Belgian of Belgian
customs officers, M. M. Priem and Tbeunis; and on Nauruz, the 21st ® x P0 rts -
of March 1899, the management of the Customs of Persia was handed
over to M. Naus. In this first year, which was devoted chiefly to
observation, the customs of Azarbaijan alone were taken under direct
management and entrusted to M. Priem; but the results were satisfac
tory and reform proceeded apace; M. Naus was shortly recognised as
Minister of Customs at Tehran) and within the next two years every
customs house in Persia was taken out of farm and placed under the
direct management of a new department of Imperial Peisian Customs,
in which all the superior posts were held by Belgians.
The principal objects of M. Nans were, from the first, to establish a Main prin-
uniform and efficient system of collection by state officials; to obtain a oiples of
readjustment and general enhancement of import duties; to stimulate retorm.
exports by a reduction of export duties^ and by a total abolition of
transit dues-chiefly Rahdari and octroi—in the interior; and to put
an end to the embargoes and arbitrary restraints on trade which were
imposed, generally for corrapt purposes by local governors. In all of
these objects, except the last, M. Naus was in the end successful; and,
by insisting that customs duty should be taken m specie, he greatly
increased the value of the collections, of which two-thirds had hitherto
been paid into the treasury m Government bills that could not be
cashed in the market unless at a discount of 30 to 50 per cent.
173 A

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This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2595] (1112/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 28 November 2023]

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