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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2596] (1113/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Extension of the new system to the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , 1900-02.
Lingeh and
taken over,
March 1900.
opposition to
the change.
Increase of
On the 21st of MarcK 1900 the Bushehr customs, which since the
withdrawal of the Imperial Bank's agents had been indifferently managed
by the Governor of the Gulf Ports as lessee, passed under the control
of the new department, as did ako the customs of Lingeh and Bandar
'Abbas. The first Director-General of Customs at Bushehr was a
M. Simais, who had formerly been a commercial attache in the Belgian
Legation at Tehran.
The change of management at the principal southern ports, accom
panied as it was by an attempt to introduce a uniform 5 per cent, tariff
applicable to native merchants, was met by strong and concerted
opposition on the part of the Persian trading community, especially
at Bushehr and Shiraz, wbere no imported goods were cleared for a
month. A lower scale of duties, which was substituted as a temporary
concession to the agitators, was at first similarly resisted; but by
August it had been successfully enforced ; and not long afterwards the
uniform 5 per cent, rate was brought into operation, octroi and Eahdari
being however abolished by Imperial decree as compensation for the
enhancement of tariff against Persian merchants.* Altogether about
two months were lost to trade generally by this contest between the
Persian Government and the Persian mercantile community; and the
British Legation at Tehran, though in no way antagonistic to the policy
of the Belgian Customs officials, were obliged to insist on the respon
sibility of the Persian Government for the detention by agitators at
IShiraz of the goods of British merchants which were on their way from
Bushehr to the interior.
The results obtained by the Imperial Customs during their first
year in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. were remarkable, and the grand cordon of the
Lion and the Sun, conferred on M. Nans at Nauruz 1901, was in every
respect a well-merited honour. In spite of the two months 9 cessation
of trade in 1900, the net customs revenue of the Gulf in 1900-01 was
319,742 Tumans as against'250,000 f Tumans—'the amount for which
they had last been farmed to the Darya Baigi, Governor of the Gulf
Ports, but of which only a portion reached the Persian Government, the
greater part having been expended—so it was alleged by the Darya
Baigi—in payments chargeable to the Government.
* The 6 per cent, import duty exigible from foreign subjects had been in some
cases collected in two instalments, viz.i 3|- per cent, at the poit of entry and 1| per
cent, at the place of destination. At times, however, the full 5 per cent, would be
collected by the customs farmer at the coast and a further amount taken by the inland
authorities, and inl89l-92 the British Indian traders at Mashhad complained that the
duties thus extorted from them aggregated 8 to 9 per'cent. in all. The trouble was
generally at Bandar 'Abb&s ; but sometimes customs were taken twice on the Kftrun,
once by the Shaikh of Muhammareh and again by the customs farmer of the Persian
Government. Overlapping and double collection also occurred between the Khans of
Dilam and Kig on the one hand and the customs lessee of Bushehr on the other.
t '^ome particulars regarding former leases of the Gulf customs will be found in
Anneiure No. 1 to this Appendix.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2596] (1113/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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