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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2597] (1114/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Resistance to the establislimeiit of Imperial control over tie customs
was attempted in the 'Arabistan province and in the Hayat Davud
district, in both of which it was for the time successful j and elsewhere,
except at the largest ports, the efforts of the new Department were in a
great degree frustrated by obstruction of a more passive character.
The year 1901 was one of great activity on the part of the Imperial Other posts
Customs in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , and before it closed, posts had been established,
established at Dilam, Khur Imam Hasan^ Kung, Bandar Mu^allim, -^01-02.
Birkeh Sifleh, Khamir and Minab, and upon the island of Qishm. The
customs of Chahbar and Gwatar were, at the time of their being taken
over in January 1902, farmed for two years to British Indian contractors
under an agreement executed so lately as April of the previous year;
but the lease was repudiated by the Customs on the ground that the
official by whom it was granted had acted without authority. The
farmers were accordingly advised by the British political authorities to
relinquish the farm and lodge a claim for compensation with the Persian
Government; this they did, and eventually obtained a portion of the
indemnity sought. Posts were brought into existence during 1902 at
Charak, Mughu, Jashk and Chahbar, and on Qais Island.
The struggle between the Shaikh of Muhammareh and the Persian Local resist
Government in regard to the customs of 'Arabistan is narrated in the ance to the
history of that province; it involved large political issues and was l ^5 ) ^ riiS '
closely watched by the British Government; and its termination, in
September 1902^ was favourable to the Persian Government in the
matter of customs control.*
The abortive preparations made by the customs at Bushehr in 1902
for coercing Haidar Khan, Zabit of the Hayat Davud district, who
refused to admit their posts at Rig and Ganaveh, are noticed in the
history of the Persian Coast; and it only remains to add here that
control of both these ports was eventually obtained by the customs in
1903 without resort to military compulsion.
Revision of the Persian Tariff, 1901-03.
We now enter on a new era in the fiscal history of Persia.
In 1901, the commercial relations of Russia and Persia were governed Position
by the Treaty of Turkmanchai, concluded in 1828, under which the
custom duties on both sides of the frontier were restricted to a maximum Great Bri
of 5 pef cent, ad valorem. Great Britain, by virtue of her Commercial tailli
Treaty of 1841 and the Treaty of Peace of 1857, was entitled to the
treatment of the most favoured nation, and she consequently participated
in the benefits of the Treaty of Turkmanchai.
* H may be mentioned that in 1883-81, before any qaestion of ha ^
arisen, the Persian Qomnnent lud soight to esUblish a costoms ' onse »[ the "
at MuhammarA; but the attjmpt was saocesstolly staved o£E by

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2597] (1114/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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