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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2600] (1117/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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sles of
to the Persian Prime Minister and so alarmed him that he begged the
British representative not to formulate it officially. Sir A. Hardinge
went on to propose a special agreement^ by which Britain should accept
the new tariff and Persia in return should undertake not to alter it
without the consent of His Majesty's Government. M. Naus was at
first disinclined to subject the Persian tariff to British as well as to
Russian control; but eventually^ notwithstanding his opposition^ it was
decided to conclude a commercial treaty between Britain and Persia very
closely resembling that between Russia and Persia. One secret article^
attached to the Russo-Persian Declaration; was not reproduced,—an
article that debarred Persia from granting a more favourable tariff to
other countries without the consent of Russia, but at the same time
empowered her to enhance the duties fixed by the tariff against
countries refusing to grant her most favoured nation treatment. There
were also several other differences of detail between the British and
the Russian Declarations. The Anglo-Persian Declaration, drawn up in
order to avoid delay in French and Persian instead of English and
Persian, was signed at Tehran on the 9th of February 1903 and was
sent to England by Lord Downe's Mission, which quitted the Persian
capital upon the following day.
The Declaration was a perpetual agreement; and it is therefore not
open to modification at any future time without the assent of His
Majesty's Government. It provided that certain fixed tariffs, detailed
in special appendices, should be applied to imports into Persia; that
imported goods should not pay any custom duties besides those levied
under the tariff at their entrance into the country—this condition,
however, not to preclude the levying of fees by the Customs for services
rendered; that British traders and goods in Persia should continue to
enjoy, under all conditions, most favoured nation treatment; that duties
should not be levied on goods exported from Persia except in the case
of a few articles specified in an appendix, namely certain articles of food,
live animals, tobacco, opium, raw silk, and precious stones; that Rahdari
and other road taxes should cease in Persia,, except upon carriage roads
constructed under concessions, and that upon such roads a certain fixed
rate should not be exceeded; that the system of farming the customs
should be discontinued throughout Persia and replaced on every frontier
by an efficient organisation under the direct management of the
Central Government ; that bonded warehouses should be established
in which imported goods might remain without payment of duty for
12- months from the day of arrival; and, finally, that a Reglement
General, defining the executive arrangements and procedure of the
Persian Imperial Customs, should be established by the Administration
in agreement with the British Legation at Tehran. The customs of
every frontier of Persia were expressly declared to be included in the
scope of the Declaration, which also contained an article providing for
proportional modification of the duties in case of serious fluctuations in
the value of the Persian Qran. By means of observations appended
to the body of the Declaration it was agreed that customs duties might
be paid in Bank of England notes, so long as repayment of such notes
in gold continued to be guaranteed by the British Government; that
cases of infractions of the rules should be adjudicated upon by the
local Director of Customs in consultation with a British Consular

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2600] (1117/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 28 November 2023]

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