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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2601] (1118/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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officer or his deputy ; and that appeals from the decisions of Directors
should be determined by the central Customs Administration at Tehran
in consultation with the British Minister or his representative.
The terms of the Declaration were interpreted and amplified by an
exchange of notes^, which took place on the 12th February 1903^ between
Sir A. Hardinge and M. Naus. As a safeguard against accidental
errors the tariff sanctioned by the Declaration was now expressly
declared to be the same as that established under the Russo-Persian
Declaration of 1901 ; the 14th of February 1903 was fixed as the date
of the new tariff coming into force in Persia; and an undertaking was
given by M. Naus that any reduction of tariff which might be granted
to Russia would be simultaneously extended to Britain as a matter of
The Declaration had reference chiefly to British trade in Persia;
but the interests of Persian trade in the British dominions were not over
looked. The principal stipulation under this head was that Persian
merchants and merchandise should receive most favoured nation treat
ment in the British Empire^ it being understood that a British
Colony having a special customs tariff, which might cease to grant most
favoured nation treatment to Persian imports, should forfeit the right to
claim such treatment for its own imports into Persia.
In case of the United Kingdom establishing—otherwise than by
previous agreement with Persia—duties on goods liable to pay customs
when imported from Persia into Russia, and in event of the duties so
established being higher than those provided for in the Russian Declara
tion of 1901, Persia should be entitled in her turn to impose correspond
ing duties on articles of the same class arriving from the United
Kingdom; a special Convention would be negotiated for this purpose,
and, in default of agreement, the Declaration of 1903 would become void
and both parties would revert to the regime established by the Treaty of
Peace of 1857. It was made clear, by means of the notes exchanged on
the 12th of February 1903, that the special Convention just mentioned
would become necessary only if the reciprocal augmentations of taiiff
should be contested.
The question whether the preferential tariff of a British Colony in
favour of the United Kingdom could be regarded as disentitling the
Colony to most favoured nation treatment in Persia was raised, and was
eventually settled in the negative. The Declaration was so framed as to
apply in its entirety to Persia and the United Kingdom only ; and the
British Colonies, the separate circumstances of each of which would have
required much time for consideration, were left provisionally under the
most favoured nation regime. This arrangement was made possible by
the courtesy of M. Naus, who, though at the beginning he had opposed
the idea of an Anglo- Persian Declaration altogether, m the end did his
best to expedite the negotiations in order that it might not e oc e
by Russian interference. His attitude in the whole matter was unpre
judiced and conciliatory; and it went far to clear Ins administration
from the charge of Russian proclivities, _ and to prove that he was
actuated by a single-minded regard for the interests of Persia.
The ratifications of the Declaration were exchanged at Tehran on the
27th of April 1903. Great displeasure with Persia was expressed by tne
ary agreo
ment, 12tli
Question of
trade in the
Question of
the future
adoption of a
tariff by
! ' ft
Question of
British Colo
of the Decla ■

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2601] (1118/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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