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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2608] (1125/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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was still levied at the rate of 24 per cent, to 10 per cent, ad valorem,
and was actually farmed by the Persian Government in 1904-05 for
1^200 Tumans; Qapandari or weighment fees were taken at similar
rates ; Ardhiyah or wharfage was collec|ted at 2i per cent, (there being F"
however no pier worthy of the name) ; and Maidani^ or exit dues on
imports proceeding to the interior, was charged by the lessees of the
same at a quarter of a Qran to two Qrans per package. A threat that
compensation would be claimed on account of the exactions of the
Shir'-as-Saltaneh resulted in the discontinuance of Rahdari on the ^1900
Bushehr-Shiraz road in October 1905; but other abuses continued.
Caravans remained liable to the extortions of the Tufangchis or road
guards, to whom the privilege of " protecting ^ the road was generally
let for high sums by the Persian authorities, the amount obtained in
this manner for the Burazjan section of the Bushehr-Shiraz road
amounting in 1905 to 500 Tumans ; and travellers were still compelled
to purchase their supplies at extortionate rates from the official 'Alafdan M01
or Ambar-i-^Alaf at each halting-place,
1 -1902
General results of the reorganisation of the Persian Customs.
12 -1903
The general results to Persia of the reorganisation of the Customs
service have been, on the whole, highly creditable to M. Naus and his
Belgian assistants.
Expansion of From the fiscal standpoint the reforms were altogether satisfactory ?
revenue. for they resulted in a large increase of revenue to the state, due prin
cipally to an average enhancement of the rates and to more systematic
collection, but partly also to other causes. Under the ancient method
of leasing the customs of the country by provinces, a competitive reduc- 1503 -1904
tion of dues sometimes took place in two adjacent customs divisions,
e.g., Bushehr and Kirmanshah, with the consequence that, when the
contracts were again sold, lower bids for both had to be accepted by low 1905
the Government. Again, payment of customs duty in specie was now
obligatory, whereas formerly customs lessees hadbeen won^t to
discharge as much as two-thirds of their liabilities to Government in
State bills, which in the open market only fetched from 50 to
70 per cent, of their face value. The following table will explain the
growth of the customs revenue under the new Department:—
Net revenue from the
Gulf customs (in Tu
Net revenue from the
custom b of all Persia
(in Tumans).
E emabks.
Before 1899
About 250,000
Less than
The figure for Gulf
customs is an average
one, and it ^oes not in
clude various inland
dues which were
farmed along with
the sea customs-

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2608] (1125/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 28 November 2023]

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