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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2611] (1128/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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where a yearly indemnity of 7^000 Tumans was paid to the local autho
rities; the yield of the post was considerably less ; and in Makran the
Khans derived a revenue estimated at 20,000 Tumans a year from a large
illicit importation of rifles alone. From Masqat, Bahrain, and Kuwait,
cargoes of the more highly taxed articles, especially arms and ammuni
tion, tea, spices and indigo, were run over to the Persian side and were
landed either clandestinely at ports where there were custom houses or
openly at others where there were none; indeed, in the eyes of the
Imperial Persian Customs, Bahrein and Kuwait, were simply large
contraband depots and by that Department the growth of their trade was
regarded with deep suspicion.
In addition to these obstacles, for the existence of which the
organisers of the Imperial Persian Customs were not responsible,
there were others which arose out of their own methods. The rates of
duty on certain articles were, under the tariff of 1903, pitched so high
as to afford a positive inducement to smuggling; and the procedure
established by the Heglement of 1904 was too complicated and inelastic
for an Oriental state such as Persia. Latterly some of the officials of
the Department have shown themselves disposed to admit that a
simple universal rate of only 8 per cent, on all goods imported would
probably Id crease the revenue, besides making the smuggler's trade
unprofitable and removing many other difficulties; but much is expected,
in regard to the suppression of contraband trade, from the sea-going
launches which have been constructed or ordered at Bombay.
Incidental results of the reorganisation of the Persian Customs.
The regime of the Imperial Customs has borne somewhat hardly Decline of
on the once flourishing port of Lingeh in consequence of its being a
port of transit, to the conditions of which the regulations of the new
department are not well adapted. In 1900 and 1901^ the tiade of
Lingeh was considerately handled ; but about the beginning of 1902
a transhipment duty of i Qran per package and a special duty of ?
Qran on each package landed and re-exported withm 20 days were
imposed, and full export duty was levied when the period of 20 days
was exceeded. The time allowed for re-exportation was too short and
the duties to which food stuffs became liable on its expiration were
crushing : thus, at the beginning of 1902, rice and ghee were subject
to an export duty of 10 per cent., and wheat and barley to one of 15
per cent., although the bulk of these commodities, having been re
ceived from India, had already paid an import duty of 5 per cent. In
March 1902, no less than 15,000 bags of Indian imports, destined tor
Arab ports, were lying uncleared at the Lmgeh customs house and.
already some steamers had accepted freights direct from India for Dibai
and Lingeh merchants had sent orders for their sailing craft, then loading
in India, to run straight to the Arab Coast without calling at Lingeh.
Eventually the export of the 15,000 bags was permitted duty-free;
but the confidence of merchants had received a shock from which it has
m a

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2611] (1128/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 28 November 2023]

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