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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2612] (1129/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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nience in
regard to
gnppliea for
not since recovered; and the prosperity of Lingeli was, in 1907, still
declining'. The transit trade of Lingeh has now, in a large measure,
passed to Dibai, notwithstanding the inferiority of both the climate
and anchorage there, and the transference bids fair to be permanent;
indeed Dibai may even be said to have become the port of transhipment—
by smugglers—for Lingeh itself.
The rules relating to the transhipment and exportation of provision
have been a cause of some inconvenience to ships of the Royal N avy
and Royal Indian Marine.
Since July 1902 duty at one per cent, ad valorem has been charged
on coal placed on board ship from depots on shore. No import duty
being levied on coal, this tax is regarded by the Imperial Customs as
one on transhipment rather than on re-exportation.
In December 1901 the Customs at Bushehr began, contrary to old-
established usage, to levy a duty of 5 per cent, on all goods sent from
shore on board British men-of-war in the harbour ; many of these, being
supplies imported from India, had already paid duty at 5 per cent. In
March 1902 the rate was raised to 10 per cent.; and in November 1902,
this duty of 10 per cent, on other supplies being still maintained, one of
20 per cent, was placed on livestock for ships. At length it appeared
that these duties, were claimed not by way of customs, but as a a taxe de
dispense " or the price of exemption from the prohibition—at this time
almost permanent—against the exportation of food stuffs and livestock
from Persia. The innovation was contested, without success, during
1903, and in 1904* the " taxe de dispense" was regularly established,
its amount being fixed at 10 per cent, on both cattle and cereals; ^ but
the rightfulness of the charge has not been admitted by the British
Government, and correspondence on the subject still continues (1907).
In June 1903 customs duty was claimed for the first time on
rations imported from India for the British military detachment at
Jashk, and has since been paid under protest both there and at Chahbar;
a refund has, however, been claimed by the British political authorities,
^nd the matter is not yet settled (1907).
The British. Government and the Customs of Southern Persia.
with the
Cnstoms ol
Of greater importance however, at least to the British Government,
than the administrative success or failure of the reorganisation of the
Persian Customs is the question whether those of the Gulf are liable
to be hypothecated to a European power in return for a loan; and the
position in this respect must now be stated.
Great Britain has always possessed a special interest in the custom
of Southern Persia; a loan of £500,000, raised in London in 1892,
to enable the Persian Government to pay off compensation payable to the
(British) Imperial Tobacco Corporation on account of the concellation
of their concession, was secured upon them, and for that reason bore
interest at the favourable rate of 6 per cent.; while, as we have seen, a

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2612] (1129/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 9 December 2023]

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