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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2613] (1130/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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British bank^ in connection with another loan, actually controlled the
Bushehr customs for some months in 1898. Furthermore, in connection
with a Russian loan proposed in 1892 for the purpose of enabling the
Persian Government to discharge their liability to the Tobacco Corpora
tion, the British Minister of Tehran, under orders from His Majesty's
Grovernment, informed the Persian Government that any act by which
the Shah might hand over to a foreign Government his control over
the customs revenue of the southern ports of Persia would be an
alienation of his sovereign rights to which the British Government
would be justified in objecting, and that a formal protest would be
entered by them against any such proceeding.
In 1897, in the course of discussions relating to a proposed Persian Assurance
loan in Europe, the Hon'ble C. Hardinge, the British Charge d' Affaires
at Tehran, acting under instructions from Lord Salisbury, was successful Governmen t
in obtainino* a written assurance* from the Mushir-ud-Dauleh, Minister i n regard to
for Foreign Affairs, that the Customs of Southern Persia (or rather, the Customs
perhaps, certain of them only) would never be plaoed under foreign
supervision or control; this pledge, which was dated the 23rd of October
1897 and was subsequently communicated by Mr. Hardinge to the
Dutch Charge d'Afiaires at Tehran, has formed ever since a principal
bulwark of british interests in Southern Persia against Russian designs.
In the course of the negotiations which led up to the conclusion of the
Russian Loan Agreement of 190 ii , repeated reference was made to this
Guarantee by the British Minister at Tehran, and a copy of it was
formally communicated to the Sadr-i-Azam at his request in December
1899 Meanwhile, in March 1899, the question had been again
discussed between the British Legation and the Shah's Government on
the basis of its including all, and not only some, of the Customs of
Southern Persia. Later, however, perhaps through inadvertence, the
discussion had come to turn on the customs of "the ports on the Persian
When the Russian Loan Agreement of 1900 was published, it
meaning of
appeared that the security for this first Russian loan consisted of the th t
customs of the whole of Persia except those of Fars and the Peisian " Gust.,m S cf
Gulf", and that, in case of default in repayment of pnncipalorin Southern ^
payment of interest by due date, control mig c assum y "Customj of
Banque d'Escompte—an Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. of the Russian fetate Ba Kar^ and the
the customs hypothecated. Immediately a doubt arose whether the tWan
customs of " Fars and the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. " must necessarily be legar Gulf, 1900.
as identical with those of Southern Persia; or whether the Persian
Government, in violation of the pledge of 1897, had m effect agreed to
the contingent control by Russia of the customs of a part of Southern
Persia not covered by the phrase " Fars and the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. . taken
The first place brought specifically to notice 1 e in to safeguard
customs of which it was proposed at the beginning of 1900 to place m t]ieri ^ of
customs ot wrnon F £ ld be ascertamed) Muham- Bl . itain
charge of a Belpan offioer. bo ta custom houBes pl edged to unl.r the
ri,rd cul™, tb.u g ht th.t xu of
j — — 1897.
* The text of this written assurance is reproduced in Annexnre No, 3 to this

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2613] (1130/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 20 July 2024]

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