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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2614] (1131/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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it must be considered a port of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. ; but the Persian
Government could not be induced to state definitely whether in ^ their
opinion the Muhammareh customs were, or were not, included in the
security for the Russian loan. They sought in fact to avoid the ^ dis
cussion ; and they obviously suspected that the object of the British
Minister was to obtain an admission which would give the British
Government a right of interference at Muhammareh, and which would
create a recognised British sphere of influence in that region.
In 1902, on the conclusion of a second Russian loan, the Persian
Government were reminded that Britain could not recognise the inclusion
of any of the customs of Southern Persia in the guarantee, but they did
not reply to the British communication.
On the separation, in 1903, of the Customs of 'Arabistan from those
administered by the Director-General at Bushehr, the British Minister
at Tehran, under orders from the Foreign Office, once more sought to
obtain a statement from the Persian Government as to the inclusion ^ or
non-inclusion of the 'Arabistan Customs in those of Pars and the Persian
Gulf; but the answer obtained was evasive.
In 1904 the Persian Government expressed their inability to alter
or even to interpret, the conditions of the two Russian loan contracts
without the assent of Russia; but they formally admitted that in signing
these contracts there was no intention on their part of prejudicing the
assurance given to the British Government in 1897 regarding the
Customs of Southern Persia. Note having been taken by the Foreign
Office of this admission, the Persian Government were told that
their reply was in other respects unsatisfactory, and that His Majesty s
Government held them bound by the assurance of 1897, which was
anterior to the Russian loan agreements; His Majesty's ^ Government
could not admit a solitary exception from the assurance in the case of
Muhammareh aud its dependencies, or of any of the ports of 'Arabistan,
and they would take the necessary steps to ensure respect for their
rights in the event of any attempt on the part of the Persian Govern
ment to ignore them. A note to this effect was handed to the Mushir-
ud-Dauleh on the 31st of August 1904 by Sir A. Hardinge and was
read aloud in his presence by the Persian Minister, who took no excep-
^ tion to its substance ; no formal reply, however, was demanded, and
none was received, by the British Government.
In signing the R^glement Douanier on the 29th of August 1904,
Sir A. Hardinge was careful to put in a declaration, of which act was
taken by M. Naus as Minister of Customs, on the subject of the South
ern Customs. This declaration stated that the Reglement was signed on
behalf of Great Britain subject to the reserve that the customs division
now denominated " The South " should not be held to be alone subject
to the assurance of the 23rd October 1897, and that the assurance in
question should not be regarded as in any way affected or limited by the
administrative distinction drawn in the Reglement between the customs
of the South and those of 'Arabistan.
That Muhammareh is a port of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , and that its
customs therefore cannot in any circumstances be pledged to Russia,
appears to be indisputable. The Hydrographer of the British Admiralty

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2614] (1131/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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