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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2633] (1150/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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It is now more than a century since my forefathers first entered into treaty relations
with Great Britain and that an English Resident has represented the Great Govern meat
in our Territory, and for a long period before that Masqat had been in constant
commercial touch and intercourse with the English through the trading ports of
During that period the Rulers of 'Oman have been on terms of the closest friendship
withGreat Britain, and at many of those hours of need and difficulty, which are
wont to arise so suddenly in an Eastern State, I and my forebears have been the
grateful recipients, on innumerable occasions, of that moral and substantial support
which the British Government, in the person of the Viceroy of India, has been ever
ready to afford. I am therefore in no way different from my predecessors in owing
a large debt of gratitude to the Viceroy of India; but there is one point in this
connection in respect of which I do stand alone among the Saiyids of 'Oman, and
that is in experiencing the great honour and pleasure of being able to welcome a
Viceroy of India in person to Masqat, and to express my feelings to him face to face ;
and it is with grateful appreciation, and with the knowledge that my relations and my
loyal subjects will fully endorse what I say, that I declare that at no time in Masqat
history, and from no Viceroy, has greater sympathy and kindness been extended to
us than by this great Viceroy, Lord Curzon, whom I am privileged to address to-day.
I consider myself particularly fortunate, therefore, in being able to testify before
this august assemblage to the reality of our obligations and the sincerity of our
appreciations of them. More than this I beg Your Excellency to believe me when
1 declare that neither I nor my brother nor my children, should they be called
upon to follow after me, will ever cease to be mindful of the claims of that stiong
and ancient friendship which in time past has kept secure the bonds of union existing
between Great Britain and ourselves, and that we will at all times remain loyal to
those ties.
I am afraid that Masqat offers few attractions to the experienced traveller;
and, except to put our houses and highways in order as far as circumstances have
permitted, and to proclaim a general holiday during Your Excellencies' august presence
here, there has been little that it has been possible for us to do in honour of this
great occasion. In this regard I can only ask Your Excellency to call to mind the
•entiments of the poet who sang : —
"It is not every thing that a man wants that he can achieve; nor can the
speeding barque command the wind that she listeth."
At any rate I hope that Your Excellency and your fair and precious Lady, Her
Excellency Lady Ourzon, will not carry away with you from Masqat any but kindly
After the address had been interpreted by the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Loid Lord Cur-
Curzon rose and replied in English in these terms zon's reply.
Your Sighness, Your Excellency, and Gentlemen,—Youv Highness has already
addressed me yesterday in terms of warm welcome to your Capital and State ; and to-day
you have anticipated much of what I desire to say in the speech which you have just
spontaneously delivered, and in which you have spoken m feeling language of the
historic connection between the British Government and the State of Oman.
It was Your Hio -hness's own great grandfather with whom the first Treaty was
concluded with the East India Company 105 years ago. As you have further
reminded me, for more than a century has a British representative been stationed at
Masqat; and during that time the friendly intercourse between the two Governments
has beek demonstrated by a series of Treaties or Conventions of which I can trace
no fewer than nine, and which have provided for the closest political^ and commercial
relations, as well as for the suppression of the slave trade and of piracy, and for the
extension of the electric telegraph. This series of agreements sufficiently testifies
to the connections that have grown up between the two Governments and that have
linked the State of 'Oman to the British Government by quite exceptional ties. But
they have also been strengthened, as Your Highness has pointed out, by the suppoit
which has been given on critical occasions by the British Government to Recessive
rulers oi'Omanl while a farther and natural bond of union is supplied by the fact
that Masqat lies just opposite to the shores of India, that its trade is not only for
the most part with India, but is largely in Indian hands, that a large number of

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2633] (1150/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 28 November 2023]

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