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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2737] (1254/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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f'\ so/
!al Mater »Hfe'of
ical Materials-^ ^
Jal Materials-Pi^
irsian Gulf and easami
ical Materials -Precis 8 t
ical Materials -Precis oi
jrsian Gulf, 1873-1903.
(Printed, 1906.)
-1905. (Printed, 1906.)
If, 1801-1905. (PriiM,
^d British Policy in ft
ical Materials-Precis of
, 1854—1905. (Printed,
Explanation of the system of transliteration.
A few remarks are necessary to explain the system of transliteration
adopted in the Gazetteer. Classical Arabic can be transliterated accord
ing to fixed principles, for not only is the spelling of every word well
established by usage but the phonetic values of the characters are also
invariable; in other words, the letters are known and they are always
pronounced in the same way. Transliteration of the names falling
within the scope of the present Gazetteer is, however, as will appear
from the following considerations, a more difficult and complicated
matter. In the first place, though a majority of the names are Arabic,
many are Persian and some are Baluchi. Further the correct spelling
of a large proportion, even in the native character, is uncertain; indeed
it may be said that those alone have an established orthography in the
vernacular that are derived either from proper names or from common-
nouns, and that the spelling of names of uncertain derivation is a matter
of conjecture. More disconcerting still is the fact that local authorities
frequently differ even as to the sounds of the names which they are
invited to reduce to Arabic character. A final insuperable obstacle to
"transliteration" in the strict sense is the circumstance that the same
Arabic letter is not always pronounced alike in the various parts of the
Gulf or even throughout the same district. In the circumstances it has
been deemed best to attempt as far as possible & phonetie rendering of
each name into English supported in every case by the equivalent in
Arabic character : the place in the Gazetteer of the equivalent, which has
invariably been obtained from native sources, can be ascertained by means
of the index. An advantage of this double system is that it enables us
to do away in the English with a multiplicity of marks distinguishing
different uses of the same consonant and to dispense in the Arabic with
vowel-marks which from the phonetic standpoint would sometimes be
positively misleading.
The above considerations have therefore led to the adoption of the
following system of Transliteration for the Gazetteer
1. The Vowel Fat-hah I- is represented in all cases by A. except in
the majority of names, etc., in Persia when the vowel is followed by
Persian He (^) in which case it is represented by E.
Examples—Bahrain, Bandar ''Abbas, Musallamiyah, Bushehr,
Muhammareh, Nasiriyah and Nasiriyeh.
2. The Vowel Kasrah 7 is represented by I. Examples—Lingeh
Dizful, Sikandariyah.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2737] (1254/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 28 November 2023]

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