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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2738] (1255/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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3. The Vowel dhammah ± is transliterated U or O according to
Examples—Kun^ Muharraq, Hormuz, Fao, Hofuf.
4. The combination of Fat-hah and alif I ^ is represented by A.
Examples—Makran, Ahwaz, Sohar.
When^ however, the combination occurs at the end of a word the alif
is usually phonetically short, and is therefore treated as short A, e* g.y
5. The combination of Fat-hah and yai cj ? jl is represented by A I.
Examples—Bahrain, Wais, Kuwait.
6. The combination of Kasrah and Yai ls ^ is transliterated I.
Examples—Minab, Qasim.
When, however, the combination occurs at the end of a name, it is
treated as an ordinary Kasrah and is represented by short I. The vowel
in this nosition is as a rule short.
Examples—Qalali, Liravi.
7. The combination Fat-hah and wao ^ is written A U or O
according to pronunciation.
Examples—'Hautah, Dohah, QaFeh Nau (p. 1237).
8. The combination dhammah and wao j) ^ is represented by tJ and in
some cases also by O.
Examples—Karun^ Shusk, Bd Musa, Ruas-al-Jibal Khojah.
j -L has also been spelt as short O in a few exceptional cases e. g, Khor
(Zoral) Audhan and Zirko. In these instances the sound is short as
in f so Where the sound is distinctly long, U is used in accordance
with the main rule e.g. Khur Mmab.
When the combination of j occurs at the end of a name, it is as a
rule phonetically short, and is therefore treated as a dhammah and
represented by short U or O.
Examples—Mughu^ Basidu, Hilu ( Wadi A seasonal or intermittent watercourse, or the valley in which it flows. al) , Zirko.
The comparatively few cases of final j ~ having the sound of long
Us are however represented by U according to the general rule.
Examples—Samait (al Bu), Mahair (al Bu).
The consonants are transliterated as shown below.
A Or ^ alif maksurah is represented by
B A e. g. Bu Musa

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2738] (1255/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 1 December 2023]

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