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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1716] (233/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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of the Karun
route scheme
by the
project of M.
the task of removing the Shalr's prejudices. At the end of 1882, it was
understood that the Prince had definitively failed to secure, not only a
special British concession for navigation such as Colonel Ross sought,
but even the opening of the river to foreign trade in general^ in regard
to which he had corresponded with Mr. Thomson.
The Shaikh of Muhammareh at this time possessed a steamer of some
size, the Karun which made voyages on the river.
While the above negotiations were in progress the Ahwaz rapids^
which formed the chief difficulty in the way of steam navigation on the
Karun, were visited, carefully surveyed, and reported on in December
1881 by Captain H. Wells, R.E., who was accompanied by
Mr. W. Baring, First Secretary of the British Legation at Tehran, and
who also examined the road question. In 1882 the practicability, as a
trade route, of the Karun supplemented by a road leading northward
was discussed, with reference to both physical and political obstacles, by
Sir H. Bawlinson, Sir O. St. John, and Mr. W. Baring of the Tehran
Legation, in elaborate papers. The opinion of Sir H. Rawlinson was
most unfavourable, he regarding " the whole question of opening up the
Karun^ as <f a delusion and a snare"; and the opiniors of the other
authorities were guarded. Their memoranda were reviewed in the follow
ing year by His Britannic Majesty^s Minister at Tehran, after a report
on the road question had been submitted by Captain Wells; but the final
result of the whole discussion was vague and inconclusive for want of
precise data in the form of surveys.
During the lull which ensued in the British proceedings with
reference to the opening of the Karun, a curious scheme was propounded
to the Zill-us-Sultan by M. Vauvillier, a French engineer in the Persian
service. His report, dated 26th February 1883, though closed at
Kermanshah, bore no internal evidence of personal acquaintance with
the country to be traversed. His idea was to connect the Diz river
and the Karkheh near Dizful by a navigable canal; and the means of
exploration which he suggested were two or three steam launches and a
short transportable Decauville railway, the launches to carry the railway
where there was a sufficiency of water and the railway to carry the
launches where there was not, the whole expedition thus progressing
triumphantly from Muhammareh to Kermanshah, It does not appear
whether any steps were taken to give effect to this seemingly crude
fantastic project,

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1716] (233/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 1 December 2023]

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