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‘File 5/190 III Manumission of slaves at Muscat: individual cases’ [‎7r] (24/728)

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The record is made up of One volume (353 folios). It was created in 11 Mar 1929-32 Dec 1932. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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yt^t ; ent of clave 'iiacldui l>iu Sa'ad orlgir.flly from }/ , '_ , r.:an,aL
aoout 45 years f d .ted ? th i arch ^329,
X widiQ torn at «Ja^ 1c a^^u. wlien X was 26 yearti old X was kidria^jp
-ed .<it2i 4 0 iri3 and tiieir oth by a Bi.l -hi a ed Mohiiu ho
enbarkred us on a boat^ and i.ent us to Kalba here he cold me to
Jur.-ah bin lihambeh, I was worlcing in hj master^ garden as well as
his house, '^t Aalba X married u.ni nave now w ot two wd.^ u nters.
Although, my wife and myself were at ftla service he waa Lot supply
-ing u- ..ith food and clothing and X Lad to ..ork for my dai-y
e^^enses. As he was always illtreating me X could not tolerate
any longer and r^n away from him and walked from Kc-lba to ■Muscat
where X arrived yesterday.
X have come now to take refuge at this Consulate and beg H«B #
li's -overiuLent to grant r• e a mar/.i i; icr certificate o that I
i
da ghters are \.ith Jur ah at ^alba and I am afraid that he might
sell the • I be w tl.e Gov eminent to release the..: from his hands.

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Content

The volume contains thirty-nine manumission subjects, each one involving the manumission request of one or more slaves, who had sought refuge at the Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. in Muscat (then under the charge of Major G. Murphy). Each manumission case follows a very similar pattern. Murphy sent a copy of the slave‘s manumission certificate (with covering letter) for the attention of the Secretary to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , making his own recommendation as to whether manumission should be given. In most cases, the Secretary to the Political Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. responded by agreeing to the manumission request. In the case of slaves who had been kept in the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. towns (Dubai, Sharjah, Abu Dhabi), a copy of the manumission statement was forwarded by the Secretary to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. to the Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Agent in Sharjah (‘Īsá bin ‘Abd al-Latif), who was asked to make enquiries as to the validity of the slave’s statement.

A small number of the manumission cases are more complex. In July 1931, the Political Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. heard of a slave who had had his right hand cut off and been imprisoned at the decree of the shaikh of Dubai, after having been accused of theft (folio 195). Enquiries made by ‘Īsá bin ‘Abd al-Latif suggested that the slave was caught in the act of robbery. A medical certificate from the Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. Hospital in Muscat verified the extent and recent nature of the punishment meted out on the slave (folio 199). The Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. (Lieutenant-Colonel Hugh Biscoe) wrote to the Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Agent (folio 215) to protest in the strongest terms to the shaikh of Dubai about the severity of the punishment handed out to the slave, insisting that imprisonment was the usual punishment in this day.

Another case was brought to the attention of the Secretary to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. by the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. Muscat in June 1932, in which a pearl diver from Umm-al-Qaiwain, who claimed to be a slave, requested manumission. ‘Īsá bin ‘Abd al-Latif agreed with the manumission request, commenting that, because the demand for and price of pearls had decreased considerably in recent years, many divers had become heavily indebted. He advised that, once the slave had been given his manumission certificate, he should return to Sharjah to enable the Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Agent to carry out the necessary enquiries relating to the slave’s debt (said to be 520 rupees) in the Diving Court. Another manumission request was made by a slave who was kept at Kalba, near Muscat. The Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. requested that, in future, the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Muscat treats affairs (including slaves) in Kalba, as the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. Bahrain treats affairs in Qatar.

Extent and format
One volume (353 folios)
Arrangement

The volume has been arranged in chronological order, with the earliest manumission subject at the beginning of the book, and the latest at the end. At the front of the book (ff.2-4) is a handwritten index listing all manumission subjects contained within. The subjects are numbered 1 through to 40. Subject 23 is not present in the volume, having been removed by Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. staff for the Resident to take on tour at the time the correspondence was being compiled.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The volume has been foliated with a circled number in the top-right corner of each recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. , from the title sheet to the last folio of the volume. An earlier foliation system has been used on each manumission case, expressed as page x of y pages, written in pencil in the top-right corner of each recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. . A very small number of these internal numbering systems do not run in the correct numerical sequence, suggesting that items were bound in the incorrect order.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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‘File 5/190 III Manumission of slaves at Muscat: individual cases’ [‎7r] (24/728), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/217, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023517715.0x000019> [accessed 22 August 2019]

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