'File 61/11 V (D 95) Hejaz - Nejd, Miscellaneous' [17r] (50/530)
The record is made up of 1 volume (261 folios). It was created in 12 May 1932-28 Dec 1933. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .
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A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency.
The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran.
to Secretary of State for the Colonies.—
_ (Communicated by Colonial Office, July 28.)
/v ' ^ |
THE Honourable the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. presents his
compliments to His Majesty's Secretary of State for the Colonies, London, and
has the honour to transmit to him a copy of the under-mentioned document.
2. Copy is being sent to the Government of India in the Foreign and
Political Department, Simla, and His Majesty's Minister, Jedda.
Bushire, June 29, 1932.
Enclosure in No. 1.
Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrein, to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , Bushire.
Sir, Bahrein, June 26, 1932.
I HAVE, the honour to say that matters have apparently come to a head
between Ibn Saud and the powerful Qusaibi family. In a conversation with the
adviser before a third person, Abdulla Qusaibi, who is notoriously hot-headed,
stated all the brothers had combined and signed a letter to Ibn Saud saying that
they would not supply him with any goods on credit unless he made some arrange
ment for settling their outstanding debts, which amount to some 17 lakhs One lakh is equal to one hundred thousand rupees
of rupees Indian silver coin also widely used in the Persian Gulf. . Abdulla Qusaibi expressed himself with unusual heat, and stated
that they had even given an ultimatum to their Royal master to the effect that, if
their demands were not met, they would remove their families from Nejd to
Bahrein and apply to be registered as Bahrein subjects.
2. I have little doubt that the situation is perfectly correctly described.
Abdul Aziz went to Jedda with the thinly-veiled intention of extracting some
money from Ibn Saud, and it is obvious from other information I have received
that he has completely failed. I have also noticed that the usual shipments on
behalf of His Majesty were not being made by the Qusaibis, but were being made
by other firms, and news has been received of a consignment of 17,000 bags of rice
due to be shipped shortly through Bahrein to the mainland under arrangements
to Haji Abdulla Zainal, the brother of Muhammad Ali Zainal, who was formerly
Kaimakam of Jedda. This consignment is to be paid for in instalments, though
it is very doubtful that they will be any more successful in extracting payment
than the all-powerful Qusaibis have found themselves to be.
3. The Qusaibis are undoubtedly pledged to the hilt with Ibn Saud and can
ill afford to break with him, for any repudiation or delay in settling his debt of
17 lakhs One lakh is equal to one hundred thousand rupees , coming on top of the sum they have lost in the insolvency of
Habib Rosenthal, may have a disastrous effect on them, and render it difficult for
them to pay the instalments due to pearl dealers in Bahrein. However foolish
Abdulla may be, Abdul Aziz, the senior partner and creator of the firm, has great
intelligence, and I do not doubt that he will find some means of bringing Ibn Saud
to terms, even though it may take time, though his task will be facilitated when
the firms who are taking their place discover the difficulty in obtaining payment
from their august client.
I have, &c.
C. G. PRIOR,
Political A gent, Bahrein.
- Copy forwarded to G.O.under P.L.25,d/29/6/52
Jedda w 438- s
Kuwait * * *
About this item
The volume consists of letters, telegrams, and memoranda relating to the Hejaz and Najd. Much of the correspondence is from the British Legation in Jeddah, with regular reports on the situation in that region sent to Sir John Simon, the Foreign Secretary in London. The rest of the correspondence is mostly between the Political Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. in Bushire, the Political Agencies in Kuwait, Bahrain, and Muscat, the Colonial Office, and the Government of India.
The main subjects of the volume are:
- the change in name from 'The Kingdom of the Hejaz-Nejd and its Dependencies' to 'The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia';
- the announcement of Ibn Sa'ud's eldest son, Prince Sa'ud, as the heir apparent to the throne;
- the territorial dispute between Yemen and Saudi Arabia after the latter's absorption of the 'Asir region into its kingdom.
A copy of the 23 September 1932 issue of the newspaper Umm al-Qura is contained in the volume (folios 57-58). It features the Royal Order proclaiming the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Other miscellaneous subjects covered in the volume include:
- relations between Italy and Saudi Arabia;
- a dispute between Ibn Sa'ud and his agent in Bahrain, al-Quasaibi [‘Abd al-‘Azīz al-Qusaibi], over a debt the former owes the latter;
- a revolt against Ibn Sa'ud by tribes loyal to ex-King Hussein coming from Sinai;
- a request for a loan made by Ibn Sa'ud to the British Government;
- relations between the Soviet Union and Saudi Arabia;
- relations between the USA and Saudi Arabia, including the visit of a Mr Gallant looking for oil concessions;
- concessions for the building of the railway between Mecca and Jeddah;
- the prospect of Saudi Arabia joining the League of Nations;
- the case of two slave girls seeking refuge at the British Legation in Jeddah.
Other documents of note contained in the volume are:
- a copy of a new customs tariff for Saudi Arabia (folios 122-134)
- a 'Who's Who' of Saudi Arabia, produced by the British Legation in Jeddah and covering all those deemed important to know by the British (folios 183-200);
- an envelope containing the torn-out pages of an article in the International Affairs journal (Vol. 12, No. 4, Jul., 1933, pp 518-534) entitled 'Ibn Sa'ud and the Future of Arabia.'
At the back of the volume (folios 245-251) are internal office notes.
- Extent and format
- 1 volume (261 folios)
The volume is arrranged chronologically.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: The sequence starts on the first folio and continues to the inside back cover. The numbers are written in pencil, circled and located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Note that following f 1 are folios 1A, 1B, 1C, and 1D. The sequence then continues as normal from folio 2. There are two other foliation systems present but both are inconsistent and neither are circled.
- Written in
- English and French in Latin script View the complete information for this record
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- 'File 61/11 V (D 95) Hejaz - Nejd, Miscellaneous'
- front, back, spine, edge, head, tail, front-i, 1r:1v, 1ar:1ev, 8v:11v, 15r:43v, 45v:56v, 59r:64r, 69v:118v, 120v:127v, 128v:133v, 134v:149v, 151v:161v, 162v:164v, 166r:166v, 168r:171v, 172v:174v, 175v:179v, 181r:201r, 202v:212v, 222r:225r, 226r:243v, 244v:256v, back-i
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