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‘Persian Gulf gazetteer. Part 1. Historical and political materials. Précis of Katar [Qatar] affairs, 1873-1904.’ [‎20v] (40/92)

The record is made up of 1 volume (46 folios). It was created in 1904. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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101. The Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. later on reported that Jasim emphatically
denied his complicity in the attack on the British Indian traders, and apolo
gised for the occurrence. This denial and apology were accepted under the
orders of the Government of India.
Outrages against British Indians under Jasim's instigations. Sheikh
Jasim made to pay a fine, 1887.
102. In May 1887, Sheikh Jasim announced that he had left Bidna and
Ext.™.! A., March 1888. No.. 15 8 .80 S . ^^rnment and was no longer respon-
sible for the affairs of Katar, which, he
remarked, " are now first referred to God and then to the Turkish Government."
Eeports sent by Colonel Ross in July 1887 showed that the Sheikh's withdrawal
from Bidaa had been followed by disorder there, and disturbances in the neigh
bourhood. The bazaar of Bidaa was plundered by the Beni Hajir ; and certain
Persian traders, who had incurred Sheikh Jasim's displeasure, suffered ; but the
Hindu traders were protected by the Sheikh's relatives. The attack w r as attri
buted by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. to the Sheikh's influence. Early in August,
Colonel Ross telegraphed that two Indian traders had been " wantonly wounded
at Bidaa by Arabs," and that there had been several practical outrages on the
Katar Coast. The Resident had the Indian traders at Bidaa removed, and
H. M. S. Osprey went to Bahrein. From the first the Resident regarded
Sheikh Jasim as responsible, and this impression was confirmed by enquiries
made by the Pirst Assistant Resident and by Colonel Ross himself. The latter
telegraphed on the 21st August— 4< I consider compensation should be exacted
from Jasim for wounds and losses of British Indian traders and plunder of
Bahrein and Persian vessels by pirates, and fine imposed in addition." With
this view Colonel Ross got the Chief of Bahrein to " lay an embargo " upon
specie and pearls belonging to Sheikh Jasim at Bahrein, aggregating
Rs. 20,000 in value. On the 2ord August, the Resident followed up his tele
gram with a letter, which was emphatic in fixing responsibility upon Sheikh
Jasim. Referring to the Bahrein Chiefs attachment of Sheikh Jasim's pro
perty, the Resident remarked :—
" If Government should approve of my proposal to exact componeation from Jasim this
seizure may obviate the necessity of employing- naval force. If that recommendation should
not be adopted, the property can be returned to Jasim's Agent."
In the next letter of any importance, dated the 10th September, the Resi
dent reported on his measures for checking piracies : he did not anticipate any
more. He also mentioned that the—
" Commandant of the Turkish troops in Hasa came via Ojair with about eight gendarmes
and proceeded to Bidaa, where he was in constant consultation with Jasim and other not
103. Colonel Ross' letter, dated the 12th September, forwarded communi
cations addressed by Sheikh Jasim to a merchant at Basrah and to the Walis of
Basra and Baghdad, are dated the 25th August, complaining of the seizure by
Colonel Ross, of "all" the Sheikh's proper y in Bahrein, a measure which they
said was the result of the Sheikh's subjection to the Turkish Government. The
ISheikh appealed to the Walis against the action of the Resident.
104. There were received then telegrams from the Resident—
(а) The telegram of the 3rd October, stated that the Porte had tele
graphed to the Basrah Wali for a detailed report on recent events
and British action as to Katar. Colonel Ross asked, "When
may I expect decision regarding same ?"
(б) The telegram of 4th October said—" Governor of Hasa addressed
Bahrein Chief threatening letter demanding release (of) Jasim's
property, I don't know if under higher authority, probably not."
(c) Telegram of the 6th October said-—" Jasim agrees to pay British
and Bahrein claims and I hope to settle the business accordingly
amicably. I would not press fine."
1Q5. On the 15th October 1887, the Potitical Resident telegraphed that
Article 296 of demi-official. Sheikh Jasim had laid up all British and
Bahrein claims for outrages and piracies at
Katar Coast, that his property under detention had been released, and that

About this item


The volume, stamped ‘Confidential’ on the front cover, is part 1 (historical and political materials) of a précis of Qatar (spelt Katar throughout) affairs for the years 1873 to 1904. It was prepared by Judge Jerome Antony Saldanha of the Bombay Provincial Civil Service, and published in 1904 by the Government of India Foreign Department, Simla, India.

The main subjects of the précis, which is comprised chiefly of extracts from Government correspondence, run as follows:

  • Turkish movements in Qatar, 1873; Chief of Bahrain (spelt Bahrein throughout) advised to keep aloof from complications in Qatar, 1873;
  • British intervention refused to Chief of Debai [Dubai] in case robberies committed against vessels of his subjects on Qatar coast, 1873;
  • Threatened attack on Bahrain and Qatar (Zobarah [Zubara]) by the Bedouin tribes of Beni Hajir, 1874;
  • Complaints of Turkey about Chief of Bahrain’s encroachments in Qatar, 1874;
  • The Beni Hajir attack Zubara and commit piracies, 1875;
  • Aggressive policy of the Turks and establishment of a new Turkish province on the Arabian littoral of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ;
  • Plunder of a Bahrain boat by the Beni Hajir and an excessive contribution levied by the Chief of Bidaa [Al-Bidda] on British Indian traders residing there;
  • Claims preferred by the Government of Basrah [Basra] on behalf of the inhabitants of Qatar against certain residents of Bahrain, 1876;
  • Alleged ill-treatment of British Indian subjects, 1879;
  • Piracies at Zubara – destruction of Zubara by Shaikh Jasim [Jāsim bin Muḥammad Āl Thānī], 1878;
  • Ill-treatment of Indian traders, 1879;
  • Question of suppression of piracies on the Arab coast. Claims of the Turks to Odeid [’Odaid] (1871-81); previous history of ’Odaid, 1837-76;
  • History of ’Odaid continued, question of Turkish jurisdiction on the Qatar coast, and suppression of piracies, 1878-81;
  • Removal of section of the Al-bu-Kowareh tribe from Al-Bidda to Foweyrat [Fujairat], 1879;
  • Threatened attack on Bahrain by Nasir-bin-Mobarik [Nasir bin Mubarak] and Shaikh Jāsim of Al-Bidda, 1881;
  • Shaikh Jāsim’s desire to occupy ’Odaid, 1881;
  • Policy as to the relations to be maintained with Shaikh Jāsim and the Turkish Government in Qatar, 1881;
  • Ill-treatment of British subjects by Shaikh Jāsim and exaction of a fine from him, 1880-82;
  • Protest of the Porte against British proceedings at Al-Bidda. British disclaimer of Turkish jurisdiction in Qatar, 1883;
  • Shaikh Jāsim’s projected expedition against a branch of the Beji Hajirs in 1884;
  • Fight between the Ejman [Ajman] and allied tribes on one side and Morah and Monasir tribes on the other, 1884;
  • Disputes between Shaikh Jāsim and the Chief of Abuthabi [Abu Dhabi], Jāsim’s intentions to occupy ’Odaid and the ill-treatment of Bedouins at Al-Bidda, 1885-86;
  • Outrages against Indian subjects under Jāsim’s instigation, and Shaikh Jāsim made to pay a fine, 1887;
  • Protests of the Porte against British Government proceedings, 1888;
  • Question of withdrawal of the Turkish garrison from Al-Bidda;
  • Turkish expansion along the Arab coast and the policy of the British Government, 1888;
  • Hostilities between Shaikh Jāsim and Shaikh Zaid [Zayed bin Khalifa] of Abu Dhabi, reported movements of the Chief of Jabal Shamer Ibn Rashid towards Oman in order to aid Shaikh Jāsim, 1888-89;
  • Jāsim carrying munitions of war by sea, 1889;
  • Turkish project of rebuilding Zubara, 1888;
  • Turkish measures for establishing their jurisdiction on a firmer basis on the Arab coast. Increase of Turkish forces in Qatar, 1888;
  • Intrigues of Jāsim against Abu Dhabi, 1889-90;
  • Turkish projects for rebuilding Zubara and ’Odaid, 1890-91;
  • Hostilities between Shaikh Jāsim and the Turks, 1891-93;
  • British policy towards Jāsim during the hostilities. Chief of Bahrain and Abu Dhabi, 1893;
  • Question of Turkish jurisdiction in Qatar, 1893;
  • Removal by Turkish authorities of the British flag from a boat at Al-Bidda, 1897;
  • Occupation of Zubara by the Al-bin-Ali tribe with the support of the Turks and Shaikh Jāsim. Threatened attack of Bahrain, and the energetic measures taken to expel the settlement, 1895;
  • Arab rising against the Turks in Qatar;
  • Disturbances off the Qatar coast between the Amamera and Al-bin-Ali tribes, 1900;
  • Piracies committed by the Beni Hajir off the Qatar coast, 1900;
  • Reconsideration of our general policy on the Arab side of the Gulf;
  • (1) Proposed British protectorate over the Chief of Qatar; (2) Aggressive action of the Porte in attempted to establish mudirates at ’Odaid, Wakra and Zubara, 1902-04.

The appendices are as follows:

Extent and format
1 volume (46 folios)

The contents of the précis are arranged in rough chronological order, and organised under a number of subheadings, with each paragraph numbered from 1 to 229. Three appendicies follow the main précis. There is a contents page at the front of the volume (f 5) which lists the subheadings with their corresponding paragraph numbers. The appendices are referenced using the volume’s pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence, with page numbers located top and centre of each page.

Written in
English in Latin script
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‘Persian Gulf gazetteer. Part 1. Historical and political materials. Précis of Katar [Qatar] affairs, 1873-1904.’ [‎20v] (40/92), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C243, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 26 February 2020]

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