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‘Persian Gulf gazetteer. Part 1. Historical and political materials. Précis of Katar [Qatar] affairs, 1873-1904.’ [‎26v] (52/92)

The record is made up of 1 volume (46 folios). It was created in 1904. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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da, it appeared that the Turkish Commandant, upon receiving an assurance
that the boat was owned by a British Indian subject, ordered the flag to he
returned to the Nakhoda, the Government of India instructed the Political
Resident in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. to take no further action in the matter, as the
result of pursuing it further would probably have been to elicit from the Com
mandant's superiors an assertion of the Porte's jurisdiction at Bidaa, and the
Oovemment of India desired to avoid giving occasion for such pretension.
160, When the facts were reported by the Consul at Basrah to the
Secret E, ju!, i8 94 , No., 12M81. fj}} ^ reived on 24th May
1894, denying the alleged lowering of
the flag, and giving assurances of the Turkish friendship for the British.
Occupation of Zobarah by Al-bin-Ali tribe with support of the Turks
and Sheikh Jasim. Threatened attack on Bahrein. Energetic
measures taken in expelling the settlement, 1895.
161. Information was received in the month of May 1895 from the Po-
Secret E., October 1896, Bo.. 64.166. litiCal ReSiderit in tlle Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. that
the Al-bin-Ah tribe under Sheikh Sultan
had deserted from the Chief of Bahrein, to whom they were subject, and were
forming a settlement on the opposite coast at Zobarah, with the support of
Sheikh Jasim of Bidaa. This support was considered to be a menace to Bahrein.
162. A warning was addressed to Sheikh Jasim that this would not be allowed.
The Resident reported, however, that a Turkish official, the Mutessarif of
Hasa, had gone to Zobarah, and that the settlement was being pushed on,
Sheikh Jasim acting in concert with the Mutessarif, who was preparing to hoist
the Turkish flag.
163. Un report of the facts to the Indian Office, Her Majesty's Ambassa
dor at Constantinople was instructed to call the attention of the Turkish Gov
ernment to the matter, and to state that [the formation of a settlement at
Zobarah would constitute a menace to Bahrein, and that if the proceedings
complained of were allowed to continue, the Government of India would be
compelled to take measures for the protection of the Chief of that island.
164. After the lapse of a sufficient interval, Her Majesty's ship " Sphinx "
commanded by Captain Pelly proceeded to Zobarah and desired Sheikh Sultan
to return with his tribe to Bahrein. The Sheikh absolutely refused to comply
with this order, and seven of the boats were therefore seized. A Turkish offi
cial, appointed the Mudir of Zobarah by the Porte, protested generally, claim
ing Zobarah as Turkish territory, and the Al-bin-Ali as having come under
Turkish protection.
165. On the 15th July Her Majesty's ship Sphinx seized nine boats to
gether with Salim, an important lAl-bin-Ali, who had become reconciled 'with
the Bahrein Chief, but the Bahrein boats sent for Salim's family were detain,
ed by the new Turkish Mudir at Zobarah.
166. The Resident subsequently reported that the Al-bin-Ali had become
reconciled with the Chief of Bahrein, but the Mudir was interferino-, that he
claimed the Al-bin-Ali tribe settled at Zobarah, as Turkish subjects and' declared
Bahrein unconditionally, and Katar in part, as within the Ottoman dominions,
rr x-? he ? e ? ideut 1 f urther reported that the Mutessarif had collected a force at
Katif, and that, although he stated that it was for the purpose of an expedition
into Nejd, apprehensions were felt that an attack on Bahrein was in contempla-
tion. These apprehensions were strengthened by the fact that Sheikh Jasim
had collected a large number of boats. The Turkish boat Zuhaf was also found
cruising along the Katar coast.
167. In these circumstances the QoTernment of India proposed (18th
7ro.No. 134of Secret e , October 1896, No.. 64- that a demonstration jigainst Ball-
156 , ,, , , . . 1C , reil1 mi g ht be resisted by fire, if the Com
mander first satisfied himself that the fleet advancing was hostile, and that

About this item


The volume, stamped ‘Confidential’ on the front cover, is part 1 (historical and political materials) of a précis of Qatar (spelt Katar throughout) affairs for the years 1873 to 1904. It was prepared by Judge Jerome Antony Saldanha of the Bombay Provincial Civil Service, and published in 1904 by the Government of India Foreign Department, Simla, India.

The main subjects of the précis, which is comprised chiefly of extracts from Government correspondence, run as follows:

  • Turkish movements in Qatar, 1873; Chief of Bahrain (spelt Bahrein throughout) advised to keep aloof from complications in Qatar, 1873;
  • British intervention refused to Chief of Debai [Dubai] in case robberies committed against vessels of his subjects on Qatar coast, 1873;
  • Threatened attack on Bahrain and Qatar (Zobarah [Zubara]) by the Bedouin tribes of Beni Hajir, 1874;
  • Complaints of Turkey about Chief of Bahrain’s encroachments in Qatar, 1874;
  • The Beni Hajir attack Zubara and commit piracies, 1875;
  • Aggressive policy of the Turks and establishment of a new Turkish province on the Arabian littoral of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ;
  • Plunder of a Bahrain boat by the Beni Hajir and an excessive contribution levied by the Chief of Bidaa [Al-Bidda] on British Indian traders residing there;
  • Claims preferred by the Government of Basrah [Basra] on behalf of the inhabitants of Qatar against certain residents of Bahrain, 1876;
  • Alleged ill-treatment of British Indian subjects, 1879;
  • Piracies at Zubara – destruction of Zubara by Shaikh Jasim [Jāsim bin Muḥammad Āl Thānī], 1878;
  • Ill-treatment of Indian traders, 1879;
  • Question of suppression of piracies on the Arab coast. Claims of the Turks to Odeid [’Odaid] (1871-81); previous history of ’Odaid, 1837-76;
  • History of ’Odaid continued, question of Turkish jurisdiction on the Qatar coast, and suppression of piracies, 1878-81;
  • Removal of section of the Al-bu-Kowareh tribe from Al-Bidda to Foweyrat [Fujairat], 1879;
  • Threatened attack on Bahrain by Nasir-bin-Mobarik [Nasir bin Mubarak] and Shaikh Jāsim of Al-Bidda, 1881;
  • Shaikh Jāsim’s desire to occupy ’Odaid, 1881;
  • Policy as to the relations to be maintained with Shaikh Jāsim and the Turkish Government in Qatar, 1881;
  • Ill-treatment of British subjects by Shaikh Jāsim and exaction of a fine from him, 1880-82;
  • Protest of the Porte against British proceedings at Al-Bidda. British disclaimer of Turkish jurisdiction in Qatar, 1883;
  • Shaikh Jāsim’s projected expedition against a branch of the Beji Hajirs in 1884;
  • Fight between the Ejman [Ajman] and allied tribes on one side and Morah and Monasir tribes on the other, 1884;
  • Disputes between Shaikh Jāsim and the Chief of Abuthabi [Abu Dhabi], Jāsim’s intentions to occupy ’Odaid and the ill-treatment of Bedouins at Al-Bidda, 1885-86;
  • Outrages against Indian subjects under Jāsim’s instigation, and Shaikh Jāsim made to pay a fine, 1887;
  • Protests of the Porte against British Government proceedings, 1888;
  • Question of withdrawal of the Turkish garrison from Al-Bidda;
  • Turkish expansion along the Arab coast and the policy of the British Government, 1888;
  • Hostilities between Shaikh Jāsim and Shaikh Zaid [Zayed bin Khalifa] of Abu Dhabi, reported movements of the Chief of Jabal Shamer Ibn Rashid towards Oman in order to aid Shaikh Jāsim, 1888-89;
  • Jāsim carrying munitions of war by sea, 1889;
  • Turkish project of rebuilding Zubara, 1888;
  • Turkish measures for establishing their jurisdiction on a firmer basis on the Arab coast. Increase of Turkish forces in Qatar, 1888;
  • Intrigues of Jāsim against Abu Dhabi, 1889-90;
  • Turkish projects for rebuilding Zubara and ’Odaid, 1890-91;
  • Hostilities between Shaikh Jāsim and the Turks, 1891-93;
  • British policy towards Jāsim during the hostilities. Chief of Bahrain and Abu Dhabi, 1893;
  • Question of Turkish jurisdiction in Qatar, 1893;
  • Removal by Turkish authorities of the British flag from a boat at Al-Bidda, 1897;
  • Occupation of Zubara by the Al-bin-Ali tribe with the support of the Turks and Shaikh Jāsim. Threatened attack of Bahrain, and the energetic measures taken to expel the settlement, 1895;
  • Arab rising against the Turks in Qatar;
  • Disturbances off the Qatar coast between the Amamera and Al-bin-Ali tribes, 1900;
  • Piracies committed by the Beni Hajir off the Qatar coast, 1900;
  • Reconsideration of our general policy on the Arab side of the Gulf;
  • (1) Proposed British protectorate over the Chief of Qatar; (2) Aggressive action of the Porte in attempted to establish mudirates at ’Odaid, Wakra and Zubara, 1902-04.

The appendices are as follows:

Extent and format
1 volume (46 folios)

The contents of the précis are arranged in rough chronological order, and organised under a number of subheadings, with each paragraph numbered from 1 to 229. Three appendicies follow the main précis. There is a contents page at the front of the volume (f 5) which lists the subheadings with their corresponding paragraph numbers. The appendices are referenced using the volume’s pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence, with page numbers located top and centre of each page.

Written in
English in Latin script
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‘Persian Gulf gazetteer. Part 1. Historical and political materials. Précis of Katar [Qatar] affairs, 1873-1904.’ [‎26v] (52/92), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C243, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 March 2019]

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