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‘Persian Gulf gazetteer. Part 1. Historical and political materials. Précis of Katar [Qatar] affairs, 1873-1904.’ [‎27v] (54/92)

The record is made up of 1 volume (46 folios). It was created in 1904. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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number of the Ali-bin-Ali had returned to their allegiance to the Sheikh of
Bahrein, while Sheikh Jasim begged for forgiveness.
175. In reporting the part played by Jasim in these disturbances, (letter
No. 110, dated 19th October 1895) the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. (Colonel Wilson)
Action against Sheikh Jasim, 189 5. expressed the opinion that he had been the
No 196of ditto. chief instigator of them, and that he had
rendered himself liable to exemplary punishment. The Government of India
therefore decided that Jasim should be compelled to pay a fine of Es. 30,000, or
if he failed to pay this fine, his boats
Govemment of India letter No. 68-E., dated irth u i, i i. i
January 1896, No. 200 of Secret E„ March 1896, Should DedeStrOyed.
Nos. 193-202. _ _ _ . i .
176. As regards the captured boats of
Sheikh Sultan, they were ordered to be made over to Sheikh Esa, Chief of
Bahrein, to make use of as he pleased, unless this course would be likely to
involve him in fresh complications. In that case the heirs of Sheikh Sultan were
to be given the option of purchasing his boats, within a specified time of the
receipt of this offer.
177. The Chief of Bahrein decided to make them over to the heirs of
Sheikh Sultan. Sheikh Jasim refused to
turedtaisae 11 taken 08 t0 bcats 0ap ' P a y the 11110 of 30,000 on the ground
secret e , august 1896, Noa. i -2, that he had nothing to do with the affair.
The Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. therefore requested
Commander Story to allow the Albu Gowarah tribe, to whom some of the
boats, (lv in number) captured from Jasim belonged to redeem them.
Their value was estimated at Rs. 10,h00, and they were allowed to be redeemed
for Rs. 6,386. The other boats also were offered to be redeemed, so that
Rs. 10,191 were recovered by this method. Three boats, the property of Bahrein
subjects, were released without fine, and 88 were burnt.
178. The amount recovered from the tribes was credited to the Imperial
,, „ revenues, (1) as there was no particular
Government of India letter No. 1163-e, A., dated i j t , •
25th June 1886. individual who had,suffered any direct m-
No .i8 of secret e., August 1896, Nos. 1-21. jury by the late disturbances, and the effect
was a benefit to the general public,
and (2) as Government had incurred heavy expenditure to restore order
and establish security for a free trade around the islands of Bahrein.
179. The Government of India expressed their satisfaction at the manner
in which the proceedings had been conducted, and the assistance rendered by
Commander Story and the officers under his command was brought to the notice
Secret e., October 1896, Nos. 76-82. of the Rear Admiral Commanding Her
Majesty's naval forces on the East India
180. The Porte having protested against the British proceedings at
Porte's protest, 1896. Zobarah, the following note was ordered
No. 156 of secret E., February 1897, Nos. 151-158. i n December 1896 to be communicated
to the Turkish Ambassador in London by the Foreign Office :—
" Your Excellency states that Zobarah has been under the dominion of
the Turkish Empire from the earliest times, and that the Imperial Government
consider that the proceedings of Her Majesty's ships against a tribe which had
taken refuge under the Ottoman flag constitute an act of hostility incompa
tible with the friendly relations existing between the two countries.
" In reply to Your Excellency's note, I beg leave to remind you of what is
stated in regard to the position of Bahrein and Zobarah in the memorandum
which was communicated to Your Excellency's predecessor on the 23rd of
August of last year.
"Her Majesty's Government adhere to the view expressed in that memoran
dum. They consider that the measures in question were necessary for the
defence oj Bahrein, which is under the protection of Great Britain, and they
cannot admit the contention that the portion of the coast of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. in
which Zoharah is situated is within the jurisdiction of the the Ottoman

About this item


The volume, stamped ‘Confidential’ on the front cover, is part 1 (historical and political materials) of a précis of Qatar (spelt Katar throughout) affairs for the years 1873 to 1904. It was prepared by Judge Jerome Antony Saldanha of the Bombay Provincial Civil Service, and published in 1904 by the Government of India Foreign Department, Simla, India.

The main subjects of the précis, which is comprised chiefly of extracts from Government correspondence, run as follows:

  • Turkish movements in Qatar, 1873; Chief of Bahrain (spelt Bahrein throughout) advised to keep aloof from complications in Qatar, 1873;
  • British intervention refused to Chief of Debai [Dubai] in case robberies committed against vessels of his subjects on Qatar coast, 1873;
  • Threatened attack on Bahrain and Qatar (Zobarah [Zubara]) by the Bedouin tribes of Beni Hajir, 1874;
  • Complaints of Turkey about Chief of Bahrain’s encroachments in Qatar, 1874;
  • The Beni Hajir attack Zubara and commit piracies, 1875;
  • Aggressive policy of the Turks and establishment of a new Turkish province on the Arabian littoral of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ;
  • Plunder of a Bahrain boat by the Beni Hajir and an excessive contribution levied by the Chief of Bidaa [Al-Bidda] on British Indian traders residing there;
  • Claims preferred by the Government of Basrah [Basra] on behalf of the inhabitants of Qatar against certain residents of Bahrain, 1876;
  • Alleged ill-treatment of British Indian subjects, 1879;
  • Piracies at Zubara – destruction of Zubara by Shaikh Jasim [Jāsim bin Muḥammad Āl Thānī], 1878;
  • Ill-treatment of Indian traders, 1879;
  • Question of suppression of piracies on the Arab coast. Claims of the Turks to Odeid [’Odaid] (1871-81); previous history of ’Odaid, 1837-76;
  • History of ’Odaid continued, question of Turkish jurisdiction on the Qatar coast, and suppression of piracies, 1878-81;
  • Removal of section of the Al-bu-Kowareh tribe from Al-Bidda to Foweyrat [Fujairat], 1879;
  • Threatened attack on Bahrain by Nasir-bin-Mobarik [Nasir bin Mubarak] and Shaikh Jāsim of Al-Bidda, 1881;
  • Shaikh Jāsim’s desire to occupy ’Odaid, 1881;
  • Policy as to the relations to be maintained with Shaikh Jāsim and the Turkish Government in Qatar, 1881;
  • Ill-treatment of British subjects by Shaikh Jāsim and exaction of a fine from him, 1880-82;
  • Protest of the Porte against British proceedings at Al-Bidda. British disclaimer of Turkish jurisdiction in Qatar, 1883;
  • Shaikh Jāsim’s projected expedition against a branch of the Beji Hajirs in 1884;
  • Fight between the Ejman [Ajman] and allied tribes on one side and Morah and Monasir tribes on the other, 1884;
  • Disputes between Shaikh Jāsim and the Chief of Abuthabi [Abu Dhabi], Jāsim’s intentions to occupy ’Odaid and the ill-treatment of Bedouins at Al-Bidda, 1885-86;
  • Outrages against Indian subjects under Jāsim’s instigation, and Shaikh Jāsim made to pay a fine, 1887;
  • Protests of the Porte against British Government proceedings, 1888;
  • Question of withdrawal of the Turkish garrison from Al-Bidda;
  • Turkish expansion along the Arab coast and the policy of the British Government, 1888;
  • Hostilities between Shaikh Jāsim and Shaikh Zaid [Zayed bin Khalifa] of Abu Dhabi, reported movements of the Chief of Jabal Shamer Ibn Rashid towards Oman in order to aid Shaikh Jāsim, 1888-89;
  • Jāsim carrying munitions of war by sea, 1889;
  • Turkish project of rebuilding Zubara, 1888;
  • Turkish measures for establishing their jurisdiction on a firmer basis on the Arab coast. Increase of Turkish forces in Qatar, 1888;
  • Intrigues of Jāsim against Abu Dhabi, 1889-90;
  • Turkish projects for rebuilding Zubara and ’Odaid, 1890-91;
  • Hostilities between Shaikh Jāsim and the Turks, 1891-93;
  • British policy towards Jāsim during the hostilities. Chief of Bahrain and Abu Dhabi, 1893;
  • Question of Turkish jurisdiction in Qatar, 1893;
  • Removal by Turkish authorities of the British flag from a boat at Al-Bidda, 1897;
  • Occupation of Zubara by the Al-bin-Ali tribe with the support of the Turks and Shaikh Jāsim. Threatened attack of Bahrain, and the energetic measures taken to expel the settlement, 1895;
  • Arab rising against the Turks in Qatar;
  • Disturbances off the Qatar coast between the Amamera and Al-bin-Ali tribes, 1900;
  • Piracies committed by the Beni Hajir off the Qatar coast, 1900;
  • Reconsideration of our general policy on the Arab side of the Gulf;
  • (1) Proposed British protectorate over the Chief of Qatar; (2) Aggressive action of the Porte in attempted to establish mudirates at ’Odaid, Wakra and Zubara, 1902-04.

The appendices are as follows:

Extent and format
1 volume (46 folios)

The contents of the précis are arranged in rough chronological order, and organised under a number of subheadings, with each paragraph numbered from 1 to 229. Three appendicies follow the main précis. There is a contents page at the front of the volume (f 5) which lists the subheadings with their corresponding paragraph numbers. The appendices are referenced using the volume’s pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence, with page numbers located top and centre of each page.

Written in
English in Latin script
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‘Persian Gulf gazetteer. Part 1. Historical and political materials. Précis of Katar [Qatar] affairs, 1873-1904.’ [‎27v] (54/92), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C243, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 March 2019]

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