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'File 35/85 III A 10 French Flag Question' [‎50r] (110/610)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (290 folios). It was created in 15 Aug 1905-2 Apr 1906. It was written in English, Arabic and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Document E elatinq to the C ase op S alim- Bin-S eif.
No. 1.
Sir J. Hardinge to the Marquess of Salisbury.
(Extract.) Zanzihar^une ITthy 1898.
I have the honour to transmit herewith correspondence respecting the case
of Salim-bin-Seif, a Pemba slave-trader, who after long baffling the vigilance of
the authorities, has at last been caught in the act of shipping slaves from that
island by Captain Goldie-Taubman's police, whom the French consulate claims
to protect. This Salim is the man referred to in my despatch No. 166 of the 6th
instant. I should explain that the main correspondence was carried on by the
French Consul with the Brigadier-General Raikes, and that it was only on fail
ing to obtain satisfaction from the latter that he applied to me. Since my note
to him of the 10th instant he has not again addressed me on the subject.
Your Lordship will be able to judge from the inclosed papers of the vali
dity of grounds on which Mr. Laronce tries to show that Salim-bin-Seif was
entitled to exterritorial immunities as a "Prench-protected person." It is suffi
cient to say that in previous cases of a similar nature, such as those of Sheikh
Abdullah, of Patta, Abdullah-bin-Selam, and others, these reasons have been
dismissed by your Lordship as insufficient, and the claimant summarily dealt
with as local subjects. The present case has, however, excited considerable
interest among the Pemba Arabs, and our success in stamping out the export
Slave Trade from Pemba will be greatly affected by its solution.
No reply having been received up to date from M. Laronce, the Court,
? 0 composed of General Raikes and the Arab Cadi, Sheikh Burhan-bin-Abdul
Aziz, pronounced judgment on the prisoner this morning. An English trans
lation of this judgment is enclosed herewith.
I have told General Raikes to send a copy of the judgment to M. Laronce,
and to inform him at the same time that the French flags and papers found on
the convict's dhows will be duly returned to the French Consulate.
Inclosure 1 in No. 1.
M. Laronce to Sir A. Eardinge.
M. 1'Agent et Consul-General, Zanzibar, le 8 Juin 1898.
Par une lettre en date d'hier, M. le Brigadier-General Raikes, Premier
Ministre par interim de Sa Hautesse, m'informait qu'un Sieur Selim avait ete
amene de Pemba le meme jour a Zanzibar sous escorte pour un fait de Traite.
Le General Raikes ajoutait qu'il me remettrait cet individu lorsqu'il aurait
de moi Tassurance que le prisonnier etait bien protege Fran9ais.
Je repondis aussitdt au General que Selim-bin-Seif etait proprietaire de
deux boutres battant pavilion Fran9ais le 4e Majunga," et le " Selama," qu'il
etait inscrit sur les registres de ce Consulat, et qu'en consequence il voulut bien
m'en faire la remise.

About this item


Correspondence relating to the Hague Arbitration Tribunal which decided on questions referred to it by Great Britain and France concerning the flying of French flags by dhows in Sur. Before the 2nd January 1892 when the Brussels Conference General Act was ratified France was entitled to authorize vessels belonging to subjects of the Sultan of Muscat to fly the French flag only and be bound by French legislative rules. Includes a list of dhows and dhow owners flying the French flag as well as printed copies of the material submitted to the tribunal and the 'Award of the Arbitration Tribunal appointed to decide on the question of the grant of the French flag to Muscat dhows'. Letters discuss the desire of the British to increase the authority of the Sultan of Muscat in Sur.

Correspondents include Major William George Grey, Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Muscat; Percy Zachariah Cox, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department; Foreign Office, London; Saiyid Faisal bin Turki [Fayṣal bin Turkī], Sultan of Muscat; Monsieur Laronce, French Consul, Muscat.

Extent and format
1 volume (290 folios)

The papers are arranged chronologically from the front to the rear of the file. An index to the file is given.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates at the back cover; these numbers are typed, with additions, clarifications and corrections written in pencil. This sequence can be found in the top right hand corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English, Arabic and French in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 35/85 III A 10 French Flag Question' [‎50r] (110/610), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/405, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 24 April 2019]

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