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'File 61/14 IX (D 56) Relations between Nejd and Iraq' [‎9r] (23/700)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (347 folios). It was created in 1 May 1929-30 Jun 1929. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Telegram Code
From Political Kuwait
To Kesident isushire
Repeated by wireless to High Commissioner for 'Iraq.
Aviation, Administrative inspector and
Special Basra, Howes Hasiriyah and Glubb.
Dated the 4th (received 5th) May 1929.
By 3Jo»318.
Hews has just reached here that I'bn
Mashhur who had already reached Subaihayah has received
safe conduct from I'bn Saud who has not yet left Hedjas.
on condition that he comes in to him at once. He is
said to be laaiag for Qasim via Jahraiu
Ibn Saud* s messenger referred to above
passed by Jaryah where news had Just arrived of a fight
between AJman and Pahd bin Jiluwi at Rudainiyah 7 miles
a .s«w, of Sarar which resulted in death of both J^ahd and
Dhaidan* According to a man who was present in battle
and is well known here Dhaidan fiirst visited jrahd and was
received with honour and dismissed with suitable presents.
Fahd then summoned him again and arrested him on his a,
arrival. Dhaidan and said AJman would never
tolerate his arrest and would certainly attack jahd if he
did not release him but ffahd replied if they did he would
have him executed at once* jtfaif al Hithlain Abdul id lab
who was with Pahd sent wond to tribe of what had happened
to Fahd and Ajman attacked jmhd' s camp that night, j-ahd
kept his word and had Dhaidan killed but was killed almost
immediately afterwards the Haaa was completely
^ .outed and over 1,000 are said to have heen killed, she
^ S 11378 j0ined ^ ^ talking of marching on
Hasa but it is thought unlikely that tHey will. There was
great excitement over news in Jaryah.

About this item


The volume consists of letters, telegrams, reports, and memoranda relating to affairs between Najd and Iraq. The majority of the correspondence is between the Political Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. in Bushire, James More (later Harold Dickson), Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in Kuwait, Gilbert Clayton, High Commissioner in Baghdad, Cyril Barrett, Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in Bahrain, John Glubb, Administrative Inspector in Iraq, the Colonial Office in London, the British Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. in Jeddah, the Foreign Department of the Government of India in Delhi, and Ibn Sa'ud himself.

Most of the documents relate to the execution of rebel leader Dhaidan Ibn Hithlain and the subsequent rebellion by his tribe, the 'Ajman. Various issues are raised:

  • the whereabouts of the rebels and there attempts to enter Kuwait;
  • whether the Sheikh of Kuwait is harbouring rebels in his territory and/or supplying them with equipment and provisions;
  • Ibn Sa'ud's request from the British Government for a troopship, guns and ammunition and whether to provide them for him;
  • the presence of another rebel leader, Ibn Mashhur, in Kuwait, and reports of his defeat and death near the end of the volume;
  • Faisal al-Dawish's recovery from serious injuries inflicted at the Battle of Sabila, and his alliance with the 'Ajman rebels;
  • how the British should respond to the 'Ajman rebels should they (or should they not) enter Kuwaiti territory;
  • al-Dawish's attempts at communicating with Sheikh Ahmed of Kuwait and the British Government.

Other subjects that are raised within the volume are:

  • which channels of communication are to be used for contact with Ibn Sa'ud;
  • intelligence on the movements and activities of several other tribes and people, including the 'Anaze, Awazim, Dhafir, Harb, Mutair and Shammar;
  • the whereabouts, thoughts, and expected actions of Ibn Sa'ud;
  • Ibn Sa'ud's suspected seduction of the Dhafir tribe;
  • the deployment of Iraq or British police cars to protect Iraqi shepherd tribes during their migration in Kuwait;
  • Ibn Sa'ud's brother, Mohammed, escaping from custody and joining the 'Utaibah;
  • pearl divers in Hasa being temporarily prevented from leaving port and accessing the pearl banks due to insecurity;
  • the request from Iraq for compensation for their tribes for losses incurred in raids, including a detailed list of these (folios 296-7).

Notable within the volume are the confidential memoranda by the newly-appointed Harold Dickson as the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in Kuwait. They cover three subjects: Sheikh Ahmed's personal thoughts and opinions of Ibn Sa'ud (folios 304-6); the smuggling of supplies to the rebels from Kuwait (folios 307-10); and the Sheikh's objection to Iraqi police cars entering Kuwaiti territory (folios 311-314).

At the end of the volume (folios 331-40) are internal office notes.

Extent and format
1 volume (347 folios)

The volume is arranged chronologically. At the beginning of the volume (folios 3-4) is a subject index, arranged alphabetically. Numbers refer to folio numbers.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the sequence starts on the first page and runs through to the inside back cover. The numbering is written in pencil, circled and positioned in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. There are the following irregularities: 2, 2A, and 2B. There is a second, inconsistent sequence. It is also written in pencil, but is not circled.

Condition: folio 296 is cut in half lengthways; only the right half of the folio remains and is folded.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 61/14 IX (D 56) Relations between Nejd and Iraq' [‎9r] (23/700), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/585, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 12 November 2019]

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