'File 10/3 III Qatar Oil Concession' [101r] (218/470)
The record is made up of 1 volume (223 folios). It was created in 27 Jan 1934-24 Mar 1934. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
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India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. . P.Z. 614 34. £> . . ,, / . ( - r -*
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Memo. B, 430.
The Southern Boundary of Qatar and the Connected Problems.
The question for settlement is that of the boundaries of the Sheikhdom of Qatar
where it is not bounded by the sea. In the pre-war period the boundary to the south
"was to some extent indeterminate, but broadly speaking was regarded at the time of
the compilation of Lorimer's Gazetteer in 1905-07 as running across the base of the L ™\ TI ?
Qatar Peninsula more or less south-east from Dohat-as-Salwa to a point north of 15()6 '
Khor-al-Odeid. There is reason to believe that the Sheikh of Qatar still regards it
as following approximately this line (see paragraph 8 below), but conditions have not
been propitious for raising the question specifically with him, and the present note
aims at reaching a provisional conclusion on the material available as to—■
(a) the southern boundary of Qatar ;
(b) if the boundaries of Qatar on the south and west do not extend to the blue
line agreed as the eastern frontier of N'ejd in the unratified Anglo-Turkish
Convention of July 1913, the position of the intervening area.
The history of the question is as follows :—
The Boundary on the South-East,
2. To the east, the boundary between Qatar and the adjoining Trucial Sheikhdom
of Abu Dhabi has been the subject of frequent dispute in the past. The Sheikh of
Abu Dhabi has claimed sovereignty over a stretch of Qatar territory running so far Lor. II, 405.
north as the Bay of Umm-al-Hul, south of Wakra on the map attached.* The Sheikh
of Qatar, for his part, has claimed sovereignty over areas in the Abu Dhabi
Sheikhdom running as far east as the Sabakhat Matti. His Majesty's Government Lor. II, 88-
.have consistently refused to recognise claims so exaggerated by either party, but they b9 -
have repeatedly intimated that they regard the Khor-al-Odeid, which lies about mid
way between the extreme points referred to, as appertaining to Abu Dhabi. They have Lor. II, 89.
also recognised the Abu Dhabi claim to the district of Aqal, geographical details of
w T hich are given in I (iii) of the Appendix to this note, and which contains both the
'■Khor-al-Odeid and the Khor-adh-Dhuwaihin. We have thus a fixed point for the
south-eastern boundary of Qatar.
The Boundary on the South-West.
3. On the south-western extremity of the Qatar boundary there has been no
corresponding dispute, nor is there a fixed point equally definitely established which
can with confidence be regarded as marking the western limit of the tei ritories of
The Position prior to the A nglo -Turkish Convention of 1913.
4. The southern boundary of Qatar was closely investigated locally between 1904
and 1907 by experienced political officers in connection with the compilation of
Mr. Lorimer's " Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Gazetteer." The result of their investigation is given
in the extract from the Gazetteer reproduced as item I (i) m the Appendix to this
note. Broadly speaking, it went to show that the southern boundary of the btate
ran south-east from liohat-as-Salwa to a point to the north of the Ahor-al-U en .
Over the first section, running Irom Dohat-as-Salwa to the Wells of ^akak, there was
no dispute. The boundary between the Wells of Sakak and the sea on the eastern
side of the Qatar Peninsula was, however, indeterminate. Two alternatives (the
difference at its widest point being some 20 miles) were reported by Loiimer. _ oi
the reasons given by him (and substantially based on the historical considerations
referred to in paragraph 2 above) he regarded the second alternative as preferable.
The effect of its acceptance would be that the eastern sector of the southern Qatar
boundary would run south-east from the Wells of Sakak to the bea noiti o tie
* Not reproduced.
2560 12 2.34
About this item
The volume contains correspondence between the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Bushire, the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in Bahrain and the Secretary of State for India, on the Qatar oil concession, on the Southern boundary of Qatar and on the role of Ibn Saud in the negotiation.
The volume includes:
- meeting notes, copies of telegrams and letters on Qatar and Kuwait oil concessions;
- note from the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in Kuwait to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. dated 23 Jan 1934 about the Qatar and Hasa Oil concessions and the Kuwait Neutral Zone (ff. 60-63);
- memorandum on the political importance of 'the maintenance of a British position on the Arab littoral of the Gulf' (ff. 71-76) and the need to offer protection to the Sheikh of Qatar in return for an 'undertaking on his part to grant a concession to the Anglo Persian Oil Company (Iraq Petroleum Company);
- correspondence between the British Air Ministry and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. about air facilities in Qatar;
- note referring to a conversation that occurred at the end of 1922 between Sir Percy, Ibn Saud and Major Holmes regarding the southern boundaries of Qatar and the political relationship between Qatar and Saudi Arabia (f. 116C);
- memorandum from the meetings occurred on 11-12 Mar 1934 between the Sheikh Abdullah bin Qasim al-Thani and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. re oil concession (ff. 131-140);
- copies of draft Qatar Oil Concession;
- a sketch of Qatar, ink on fabric (f. 212);
- memorandum on the frontiers of Saudi Arabia (ff. 196-199).
There is an index at the end of the volume ( folios 211-216).
- Extent and format
- 1 volume (223 folios)
The papers in this file are arranged in chronological order. There is an index at the end of the volume, on folios 211-216. The index is arranged chronologically and refers to documents within the volume; it gives brief description of the correspondence with a reference number, which refers back to that correspondence in the volume.
- Physical characteristics
The foliation is on top right-hand corner, starting on the first page of writing and finishing on the back cover. The numbering is in pencil, enclosed by a circle and starts with 1, then 115, 116A, 116B, 116C, then carries on until 221, which is the last number given. There is a second pagination on the top right corner, uncircled, starting on folio 22 (numbered 21) to folio 100 (numbered 99) and then from folio 116a (numbered 113) until folio 210 (numbered 207).
- Written in
- English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script View the complete information for this record
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