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'File 19/243 I (C 69) Zubarah' [‎49r] (108/416)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (210 folios). It was created in 23 Mar 1937-18 Jun 1937. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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giving a definite award either in favour of the Ruler
of Bahrain or the Ruler of Qatar# Present developments
have made this more difficult but it may be still possible
to arrange a compromise between the two Rulers on lines
which Captain Hickinbotham has suggested, and on which I
ill report later. In the meantime the following summary
of the dispute may be of use to His Mnjeety's Goveriment
and the Government of India,
7. With regard to the connection of the Ruling Family of
"Bahrain with Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. , see Lorime^s "Gazetteer of the Persian
rulf", Volume l f Part 1, pages 798-818, the correspondence
connected with Government of India letter No, 1145-S.A, ,dated
the 5th May 1920 to Shaikh •Abdullah bin «Isa. Briefly, the
Al Khalifah family first invaded Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. from Nejd in 1766,
a,xXi "t lence captured Bahrain in 1732 from the Persians,
Subsequently a member of the family, Shaikh Muhammad, rfio was
expelled from Bahrain by his grand uncle, Shaikh ♦Abdullah,
the Ruler, re-built the town in 1842 (Lorimer, Volume Ij,
.Part 1, page 799), Early in 1843 he returned to Bahrain,
defeated and expelled Shaikh »Abdullah (ibid page 869) and
seized the Shaikhdom of Bahrain which at that time included
^atar. MUhammad ruled in Bahrain until 1868,when he was
expelled consequent on an ultimatum from the British Govern
ment, ana was succeeded by his brother Ali,grandfather of the
present Ruler /

About this item


This file contains correspondence related to tensions between Bahrain (and the Al Naim tribe) and Qatar concerning the ownership of Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. on the Qatar peninsula that took place between March and June 1937.

At this time, the Al Naim tribe were allied to the Al Khalifa ruling family of Bahrain who claimed Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. as a part of their own territory (the family had been based there before their conquest of Bahrain in 1783). The British authorities did not recognise the Al Khalifa's claim to Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. and mediated between the two sides. The file contains extensive details of this mediation process.

Extent and format
1 volume (210 folios)

File is arranged in chronological order, from earliest at beginning of the file to most recent at end.

Physical characteristics

A bound correspondence volume of which the front and back covers have become unattached.

The main foliation sequence starts at the title page and continues through to the 2nd folio from the back of the volume; these numbers are written in pencil, circled and can be found in the top right of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

A second foliation sequence, also written in pencil but not circled starts on f.2 and runs to f.204; these numbers can also be found in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. This system forks on f.30 to form a third foliation sequence, which is out of step with the second sequence due to the fact the 1st folio marked with this sequence is labelled with a range; these numbers are also not circled, written in pencil and can be found in the same position as the other two sequences.

Foliation Errors: 1A and 1B.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 19/243 I (C 69) Zubarah' [‎49r] (108/416), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/369, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 10 December 2019]

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