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'File 19/243 I (C 69) Zubarah' [‎50r] (110/416)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (210 folios). It was created in 23 Mar 1937-18 Jun 1937. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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47
Ruler of Bahrain (ibid page 895). In about 1868 the Al Tnani
family, who had gradually ^een rising to power, attained
predominant influence over the other qatar Shaikhs (ibid page
302)• The Al Thani, howeTer, apparently still acknowledged
ins ome sort the suzerainty of Bahrain since in the same year
there is mention that the tribute, if any, payable by the
Chiefs of qatar to Bahrain should be determined before the
Resident, This state of affairs continued until 1871 (ibid
page 802).
As far back as 1873 (Lorimer, Volume 1, Part 1, page
815) the Government of India expressed their concurrence in the
v iew that the Shaikh of Bahrain had no clear or important
rights in .^atar, and this was conveyed to Shaikh 1 Iss, then
tulei. Ox ^ahra^n, in i8 /5, v-de the last sentence of paragraph
2 of page 816 of Loriner's Gazetteer, Volume 1, Part 1.
9.. In 1895 (vide Lorimer, Volume 1, Part 1, page 923) the
I'urks, in combination with Shaikh Jasim ath Thani, Ruler of
qatar, concentrated a force at Zubt rah for the invasion of
Bahrain, with them were a section of the Al Bin Ali, a Bahrain
tribe who had migrated to Qatar and were hostile to the Ruler
of Bahrain, His Hajesty^ G-overnment came to the assistance
of the Ruler and prevented the threatened invasion by the
bombardment and destruction by Sloops of the fleet of dhows
which had been collected for the descent on Bahrain.
10, it will probably be useful for His Maje^ty»s Government
and the Government of India to have my views as to the merits
of the rival claima,
(a) It can be cor]ceded (vide paragraph 7 above) that
until 1068 Bahrain held part of qatar, including
£ubarah, and from then until 1871 the qatar Shaikhs,
headed by the Al Thani, acknowledged the suzerainty
of Bahrain by being prepared to pay tribute.
(b)/

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Content

This file contains correspondence related to tensions between Bahrain (and the Al Naim tribe) and Qatar concerning the ownership of Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. on the Qatar peninsula that took place between March and June 1937.

At this time, the Al Naim tribe were allied to the Al Khalifa ruling family of Bahrain who claimed Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. as a part of their own territory (the family had been based there before their conquest of Bahrain in 1783). The British authorities did not recognise the Al Khalifa's claim to Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. and mediated between the two sides. The file contains extensive details of this mediation process.

Extent and format
1 volume (210 folios)
Arrangement

File is arranged in chronological order, from earliest at beginning of the file to most recent at end.

Physical characteristics

A bound correspondence volume of which the front and back covers have become unattached.

The main foliation sequence starts at the title page and continues through to the 2nd folio from the back of the volume; these numbers are written in pencil, circled and can be found in the top right of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

A second foliation sequence, also written in pencil but not circled starts on f.2 and runs to f.204; these numbers can also be found in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. This system forks on f.30 to form a third foliation sequence, which is out of step with the second sequence due to the fact the 1st folio marked with this sequence is labelled with a range; these numbers are also not circled, written in pencil and can be found in the same position as the other two sequences.

Foliation Errors: 1A and 1B.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 19/243 I (C 69) Zubarah' [‎50r] (110/416), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/369, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023554959.0x00006f> [accessed 10 December 2019]

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