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'Persian Gulf - Turkish jurisdiction along the Arabian coast (Part I)' [‎134r] (8/30)

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The record is made up of 1 file (14 folios). It was created in 1 Sep 1879. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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* Home Correspondence,
Vol. 67, p. 49.
\ 20th Jan. 1871, Vol.
67, p. 95.
J Secret Letter, No. 8,
dated 1st March 1871.
§ Secret Letter, No. 26,
dated 23rd May 1871.
remration necesiavysteps for obtaining
lepaiation for the injury inflicted, provided that its
ccurrence can be satisfactorily proved.
We further agree that the maintenaace of the
peace now concluded amongst us shall be watched
over by the British Government, who will take
steps to ensure at all times the due observance of
the above Articles, and God of this is the best
witness and guarantee."
In 1868 an agreement was signed between Colonel
i elly and Mahomed bin Thanee, the principal Chief
of Guttur, by which the latter, although not a party
to tbe maritime truce, bound himself not " at any
" time to put to sea with hostile intention," and to
refer to the British Hesident any dispute or mis
understanding which might arise.
To the treaties with Muscat no special reference
is necessary, as that territory lies entirely outside
any limits over which the Porte has even the shadow
of a claim to jurisdiction, and they have no bearing
on the general question.
We come now to the correspondence which com
menced in 1871 on the subject of the Turkish pro
ceedings in Nejd, the seat of the Wahabee power in
Central Arabia, which on the east is limitrophe
with the district of El Hassa extending to the shore
of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .
On the 30th December 1870,* Her Majesty's
Consul General in Egypt reported to the Eoreign
Office that the Khedive had mentioned to him
confidentially that, from information he had re
ceived from Constantinople, he was persuaded the
Ottoman Government was secretly preparing a force
at Bagdad, with a view to an occupation of some
positions on the Arabian coast of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ,
preparatory to a more direct interference in the
affairs of Arabia.
On receipt of this information, the Duke of
Argyll suggested to the Eoreign Officef that Her
Majesty's Ambassador at Constantinople should be
instructed to inquire of the Porte as to the circum
stances alleged, and, if true, to seek an explanation
of tbe causes of a movement " which must be very
" embarrassing to Her Majesty's Government.
About the same time a similar rumour reached
the Government of India,t but (18th November
1871) was pronounced by Colonel Herbert, the
Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Baghdad, to be without apparent
foundation, there being no troops availably taere.
An assurance to the same effect was also given by
the Turkish Government to Sir H. Elliot.
Nevertheless,§ on the 27th March, Colonel Hei-
bert telegraphed to the Indian Government that,
under orders from Constantinople, an expedition by
land and sea was about to be sent towards Nejd to
pport the Wahabee Sheikh Abdullah against his
t t rni O i V vvt o/-vo o 1V p0<T
brother Saood. The force sent by sea-six
ments and 12 gans—was to disembark at Xateef or
Demam.

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Content

A memorandum, written by Adolphus Warburton Moore, Assistant Secretary of the Political and Secret Department of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , 1 September 1879.

The document is a summary of correspondence, government reports, and published literature relating to the Turkish expedition into El Hassa [Al Hasa] in 1871, and was compiled in light of a proposed comprehensive arrangement with the Porte about the positions of the two powers along the Gulf coast, and policing responsibilities at sea. The correspondence is from the period 1870-1874 and is principally between various British Government departments and offices connected to the region, and the Turkish Government.

The Turkish expedition called into question the sovereignty and jurisdiction of much of the Arabian Peninsula, as well as the coastline and islands of the Gulf. The correspondence contains discussions of these matters and reflects British fears of a loss of their monopoly over the control and security of the Gulf, and a disruption of the treaty relations they maintained with rulers in Bahrein [Bahrain], Guttur [Qatar], the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. , Muscat, and Aden.

The author quotes extensively from the correspondence and other sources, notes on which are to be found in the margin throughout.

Extent and format
1 file (14 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation for this description commences at folio 131 and terminates at folio 144, as it is part of a larger physical volume; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The main foliation sequence commences at the front cover, and terminates at the back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Condition: folio 131 is torn along one edge, with some loss of text.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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'Persian Gulf - Turkish jurisdiction along the Arabian coast (Part I)' [‎134r] (8/30), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/18/B19/1, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023557918.0x00000a> [accessed 6 December 2019]

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