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'Persian Gulf - Turkish jurisdiction along the Arabian coast (Part II)' [‎150r] (7/45)

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The record is made up of 1 file (21 folios). It was created in 1 Sep 1879. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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* Political Letter, No.
30, dated 5th Feb. 1875
Enclosure No. 13.
f Political Letter, No.
98, dated 13 th May 1875.
J Political Letter, No.
42, dated 12th Feb. 1875,
para.
i.6. 'I
1*
•r
i-
33
on the mainland the British Government would not
guarantee him protection. The instructions* of
Government to the Resident were: that the Chief
the maMaQ d of Guttur,
and that his rights there were of a very uncertain
charactei, that he should not be encouraged to
despatch troops to the mainland for the reinforce-
il 1 1 allies; that the Government would
help him to repel attacks by sea, or to frustrate a
threatening movement from the mainland; that if
he adhered to his treaty obligations the Govern-
ment would protect him; but he must not be the
aggressor, or undertake measures which might in
volve him in complications.
As the reports submitted by the Resident showed
that the Sheikh persisted in asserting his rights to
Zpbarah, the Government of India,f being con
vinced that any active measures in support of those
alleged rights could not fail to result in serious
embarrassments, directed Colonel Ross to make the
Sheikh clearly understand that if he persisted in a
course opposed to the advice of the Government of
India, and was thereby involved in complications
on the mainland, the consequences would be upon
himself, and that the British Government would
hold themselves free to take such measures with
respect to him as they might think necessary.
While this discussion was pending, signs appeared
of an intention on the part of the Turks to fix a
quarrel on the Sheikh of Bahrein, on ti e pretence
that he had given aid to the Wahabee Prince
Abdool Rahman bin Peysul, with whom they were
engaged in hostilities.
Abdool Rahman had, in fact, taken shelter at
Bahrein, and received the hospitable reception
common amongst Arabs, but there was no evidence
whatever that the Sheikh had committed any breach
of neutrality.
The Government of India accordingly addressed
the Secretary of State as follows :—J
" Such being the state of affairs according to the
most recent advices, we have to consider our position
in case the Turks should proceed to overt action in
pursuance of their alleged hostile designs upon
Bahrein. The Chief relies on us for protection,
and it has been our settled policy to aid him in the
maintenance of his independence, so long as he
faithfully fulfils his treaty obligations and abides
by the advice which we give him. We have in fact
informed the Chief through the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency.
in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. that, provided he fulfils the
foregoing conditions, he may rely for support on the
assistance of the British Government, which would
if necessary be given him either to repel attacks by
sea or to frustrate a threatening movement from
the mainland. This assurance was given with
special reference to the Chief s apprehensions of
an attack from the hostile tribes near Zobarah, and
to his desire that he might be permitted to reinforce
his allies the Nairn tribe, who are now in posses
sion of that fort; but the spirit of the assurance
3000. 13
I4<>
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Content

A memorandum, written by Adolphus Warburton Moore, Assistant Secretary of the Political and Secret Department of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , 1 September 1879.

The document is a continuation of ' Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. - Turkish jurisdiction along the Arabian coast (Part I)' (IOR/L/PS/18/B19/1) and broadly addresses the same issues, namely, what to do about Turkish claims to sovereignty along the southern coast of the Gulf that could potentially impinge on Britain's treaty commitments with local rulers and their security responsibilities at sea (the suppression of piracy), and whether to come to some kind of comprehensive arrangement with the Ottoman Government to settle the matter. To support this, the document gives a history of recent affairs in the region, making extensive use of correspondence and memoranda mostly written between 1874 and 1879. The principal correspondents are from the Government of India, the Foreign Office, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , and various political and diplomatic offices in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , Turkish Arabia, and Constantinople. The matters covered by the document concern events at Bahrein [Bahrain], Guttur [Qatar] - including Zobarah [Al Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. ], Odeid [al-‘Udaid], and El Bidaa [Doha] - Lahsa [al-Hasa], and the Trucial states.

The memorandum concludes by outlining the position of the Foreign Office, the Government of India, and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. (represented by the author) on the following four matters:

1. The status of Odeid;

2. The need to better define areas of responsibility and jurisdiction with the Porte, and whether to hold them responsible for order along the coast under their authority;

3. A revision of Britain's treaties with Bahrain, the Trucial chiefs, and Muscat;

4. The arrangement of Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. business between the Bushire Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and the Baghdad Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. .

The author quotes extensively from the correspondence and other sources, notes on which are to be found in the margin throughout.

Extent and format
1 file (21 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation for this description commences at folio 148 and terminates at folio 168, as it is part of a larger physical volume; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The main foliation sequence commences at the front cover, and terminates at the back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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'Persian Gulf - Turkish jurisdiction along the Arabian coast (Part II)' [‎150r] (7/45), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/18/B19/2, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023557944.0x000009> [accessed 16 December 2019]

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