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'Persian Gulf - Turkish jurisdiction along the Arabian coast (Part II)' [‎155v] (18/45)

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The record is made up of 1 file (21 folios). It was created in 1 Sep 1879. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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44
L
11
vernment of India to Colonel Ross* (5tli October
1878) : —" While the Government of India will not
" permit the maritime peace of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. to
" be disturbed by expeditions, even though they
" proceed from ports actually in Turkish possession,
" they consider that, before any steps are taken to
^ bring Zobara to account, the Turkish local autho-
" rities should be communicated with. You are,
<t therefore, directed to place in the hands of the
Turkish Governor the report of the officer com-
<£ manding Her Majesty's ship 4 Vulture,' as well as
any other evidence showing that Zobara is guilty.
" You should demand that Zobara be promptly
<c punished, and should olfer any naval assistance
<c that it may be in your power to give. If the
Turkish authorities decline to take any steps, you
" are to report the fact to the Government of India,
" with a detailed description of the measures you
would propose to take. Should any further out-
' rages take place by sea, you are authorized to
44 punish the oifenders at once, whatever may be
<£ their nationality."
On the 22nd October Colonel Eoss proceeded to
Bussorah in company with Her Majesty's ship
" Vulture," under the command of Captain Pringle,
who on the previous day had captured fifteen piratical
dhows off Kateef as well as three other dhows and
four boats from the Beni Hajir, south of Kateef, two
being Bahrein vessels which had been piratically
seized.
He thus reported (4th November 1878) the result
of his interview with Abdullah Pasha, the Governor
of Bussorah :—
" On the 26th His Excellency returned my visit
at the British Consulate, and informed me he had
gone through the evidence referred to above, and
that he was writing orders for immediate investiga
tion to be made on his own part by his officers
recently despatched with forces to Nejd, and that
on receipt of their reports he would take steps to
punish Zobara. On my inquiring if he was not
satisfied with the proofs I had laid before him. His
Excellency replied that the reports seemed to be
true, but he must subject them to the test of inde
pendent inquiry as regards the nature and extent
of punishment to be inflicted Jn the case of Zobara,
as there appeared to have been several persons
eu^led to Turkish protection murdered. His
Excellency would have to refer for orders before
deciding that point. I took occasion to suggest
that, should His Excellency find it necessary to
employ force, it would be well to employ regular
troops rather than Arab Bedouins, and that in that
case the Government of India would be happy to
send a British man-of-war to co-operate ; but I re
marked that I did not think the Chief or people of
Zobara would attempt to resist any demands His
Excellency should decide to make. The Governor
said he would, if force was necessary, send regular
troops and Turkish ships of war, and evidently had
no wish for British co-operation.'*
♦ Political, No. 6, dated
17th Jan. 1879, Enclosure
No. 12.

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Content

A memorandum, written by Adolphus Warburton Moore, Assistant Secretary of the Political and Secret Department of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , 1 September 1879.

The document is a continuation of ' Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. - Turkish jurisdiction along the Arabian coast (Part I)' (IOR/L/PS/18/B19/1) and broadly addresses the same issues, namely, what to do about Turkish claims to sovereignty along the southern coast of the Gulf that could potentially impinge on Britain's treaty commitments with local rulers and their security responsibilities at sea (the suppression of piracy), and whether to come to some kind of comprehensive arrangement with the Ottoman Government to settle the matter. To support this, the document gives a history of recent affairs in the region, making extensive use of correspondence and memoranda mostly written between 1874 and 1879. The principal correspondents are from the Government of India, the Foreign Office, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , and various political and diplomatic offices in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , Turkish Arabia, and Constantinople. The matters covered by the document concern events at Bahrein [Bahrain], Guttur [Qatar] - including Zobarah [Al Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. ], Odeid [al-‘Udaid], and El Bidaa [Doha] - Lahsa [al-Hasa], and the Trucial states.

The memorandum concludes by outlining the position of the Foreign Office, the Government of India, and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. (represented by the author) on the following four matters:

1. The status of Odeid;

2. The need to better define areas of responsibility and jurisdiction with the Porte, and whether to hold them responsible for order along the coast under their authority;

3. A revision of Britain's treaties with Bahrain, the Trucial chiefs, and Muscat;

4. The arrangement of Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. business between the Bushire Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and the Baghdad Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. .

The author quotes extensively from the correspondence and other sources, notes on which are to be found in the margin throughout.

Extent and format
1 file (21 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation for this description commences at folio 148 and terminates at folio 168, as it is part of a larger physical volume; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The main foliation sequence commences at the front cover, and terminates at the back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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'Persian Gulf - Turkish jurisdiction along the Arabian coast (Part II)' [‎155v] (18/45), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/18/B19/2, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023557944.0x000014> [accessed 9 December 2019]

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