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'Persian Gulf - Turkish jurisdiction along the Arabian coast (Part II)' [‎159r] (25/45)

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The record is made up of 1 file (21 folios). It was created in 1 Sep 1879. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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51
Odeid. eStablisl1 their ^mzcy at
,Jl^ 0 SU ?J? oy ert Mtion hitherto beea taken,
? no aut hority or jurisdiction has, as far as is
Known, been ever established or exercised.
"As to the second point, apart from other con-
flictmg claims and rights, it cannot be maintained
that Odeid would, from its position, necessarily be
ln T the P olitical fortunes of El Hassa or
, l^atr. In the year 1871 an inquiry was made
by Colonel Pelly, the result of which has a pertinent
Dealing on this point. From the terms of the
letters he then addressed to the Chiefs of Ab-
oothabee and Odeid, copies of which I append, it
will be seen that he ascertained from the person
best qualified to judge that c Odeid forms no portion
of Guttur territory.'
t{ The third point suggested for consideration is
as to the bearing on the question of jurisdiction of
the action of the Odeid people themselves. The
desire of the Sheikh of Odeid has all along been to
be treated as an independent Chief, and admitted
as such into the circle of trucial Chiefs under British
protection. This privilege could not, however, be
conceded without setting aside the asserted right of
the Aboothabee Chief over Odeid and its inha
bitants. The latter being the hereditary tribesmen
and subjects of Abootbabee, their complete inde
pendence could not be recognized. Under the
circumstances, and considering the geographical
position of the place, it does not appear to me that
the Turkish Government would have the right to
accept the allegiance of aliens residing beyond their
frontier, nor do I see how such a tender, assuming
it made, could confer right of jurisdiction in this
instance.
" In addition to the considerations of a negative
description which I have touched on, the positive
claims of the Chief of Aboothabee in regard to
Odeid must be considered. Por more than a
generation the Chiefs of Aboothabee have claimed
and occasionally exercised authority over the place
and its inhabitants, who, according to Arab ideas
and custom, were the dependents of the said Chiefs.
The rights of the latter seem to have always been
recognized by the British Officers in the Gulf, and
the same view has, after many years of occasional
correspondence, been practically approved by Go
vernment. It is probable that the Turkish preten
sions lately put forward at the instance of the local
Sheikhs are based on ignorance of facts. I ascer
tained last year that the Governor of Bussorah had
never even heard the name of Odeid.
" As a matter of right, it appears to me plain
that the Turkish Government has no valid claim to
Odeid. Viewed as a question of policy, apart from
the rights of Aboothabee, I consider it would be

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Content

A memorandum, written by Adolphus Warburton Moore, Assistant Secretary of the Political and Secret Department of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , 1 September 1879.

The document is a continuation of ' Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. - Turkish jurisdiction along the Arabian coast (Part I)' (IOR/L/PS/18/B19/1) and broadly addresses the same issues, namely, what to do about Turkish claims to sovereignty along the southern coast of the Gulf that could potentially impinge on Britain's treaty commitments with local rulers and their security responsibilities at sea (the suppression of piracy), and whether to come to some kind of comprehensive arrangement with the Ottoman Government to settle the matter. To support this, the document gives a history of recent affairs in the region, making extensive use of correspondence and memoranda mostly written between 1874 and 1879. The principal correspondents are from the Government of India, the Foreign Office, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , and various political and diplomatic offices in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , Turkish Arabia, and Constantinople. The matters covered by the document concern events at Bahrein [Bahrain], Guttur [Qatar] - including Zobarah [Al Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. ], Odeid [al-‘Udaid], and El Bidaa [Doha] - Lahsa [al-Hasa], and the Trucial states.

The memorandum concludes by outlining the position of the Foreign Office, the Government of India, and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. (represented by the author) on the following four matters:

1. The status of Odeid;

2. The need to better define areas of responsibility and jurisdiction with the Porte, and whether to hold them responsible for order along the coast under their authority;

3. A revision of Britain's treaties with Bahrain, the Trucial chiefs, and Muscat;

4. The arrangement of Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. business between the Bushire Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and the Baghdad Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. .

The author quotes extensively from the correspondence and other sources, notes on which are to be found in the margin throughout.

Extent and format
1 file (21 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation for this description commences at folio 148 and terminates at folio 168, as it is part of a larger physical volume; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The main foliation sequence commences at the front cover, and terminates at the back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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'Persian Gulf - Turkish jurisdiction along the Arabian coast (Part II)' [‎159r] (25/45), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/18/B19/2, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023557944.0x00001b> [accessed 16 December 2019]

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