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'Persian Gulf - Turkish jurisdiction along the Arabian coast (Part II)' [‎161r] (29/45)

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The record is made up of 1 file (21 folios). It was created in 1 Sep 1879. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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55
((
occurring io^Wcb
<C QUPsf" inrl inrt^ i.* • ^ II^iSSS,, its COll-
•■ MSsnax sss%i*>i**i
;; is more correctly written. " El xltr 'i^he "b
„ J u S ated Province of El Hassa. This would be
« ;" CO i" reC , ,, 116 militar y occupation of El Hassa
" at K Iteof n 6 r 68 ^ 15 ? 181 ™ 611 * of Turkish authority
" fooS Of tbe T J T' • U n0t iQ Katr ' where th e
" r l " ,e T Ur rV S somewhat different, and
" fnv.w f!', b y dlffere nt means, namely, by the
( invitatwnofthe local Chiefs of El Bidaa. At
" M aC 7 S - m . a } 1 Turkish g uard i8 maintained,
" thl t , 16 ,? dm ' ni !, tratlve authority still remains in
« ! ,' an of 1116 loc al Arab Sheikhs. It is,
<( therefore, well to draw a distinction between
« i !/ . SS ^ 1 ai l d ^ tT > an(i n ot to include the
<£ Iattei ' 1 . n the f( >rmer. On the Katr coast, with the
tf ? Xce P tK) ? of E1 Bl daa and its immediate neigh-
bourhood, no steps have hitherto been taken to
establish Turkish authority.
* The Turkish Government may, however, with
££ s p me reason argue that their present actual posi-
" t 10n . 011 coas t does involve, constructively,
domination over the entire tract lying between
" Ojair and El Bidaa. Such a claim would, of
" course, be affected by the existence of any
" British rights or obligations on the coast referred •
to. But it is not held that the British Grovern-
' £ ment has engagements, as concerns this particu-
' c lar tract, of a nature to constitute an obligation
" to oppose the full establishment of Turkish
" authority therein; nor has it seemed probable
" that opposition would be offered on other
" grounds. We have, in fact, rather prepared the
<c way for recognition of the eventual establishment
<c of Turkish rule by gradually withdrawing from
<c active supervision and control over this portion
*' of the mainland coast. The territory has, accord-
" ingly, been for some years in what may be termed
" a transition state, the exercise of British coercion
" having been abandoned, and no other control of
" a similar nature substituted. This is obviously
" an unsatisfactory condition, and one that could
" nbt be long permitted without evil results. Some
" definite responsibility is very requisite."
After stating that the Chief of Bahrein having
been advised to sever his old political connection
with Zobarah, and abstain from all interference in
the affairs of the main land generally, the latter
place need not be treated exceptionally, Colonel
Boss continued:
" The conclusions to which consideration of the
" subject leads me are :—
<f (1.) That failing the exercise of British inter-
" ference there is no obstacle in the way
" of completion of the chain of Turkish
" occupation of El Katr as far as El
" Bidaa.

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Content

A memorandum, written by Adolphus Warburton Moore, Assistant Secretary of the Political and Secret Department of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , 1 September 1879.

The document is a continuation of ' Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. - Turkish jurisdiction along the Arabian coast (Part I)' (IOR/L/PS/18/B19/1) and broadly addresses the same issues, namely, what to do about Turkish claims to sovereignty along the southern coast of the Gulf that could potentially impinge on Britain's treaty commitments with local rulers and their security responsibilities at sea (the suppression of piracy), and whether to come to some kind of comprehensive arrangement with the Ottoman Government to settle the matter. To support this, the document gives a history of recent affairs in the region, making extensive use of correspondence and memoranda mostly written between 1874 and 1879. The principal correspondents are from the Government of India, the Foreign Office, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , and various political and diplomatic offices in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , Turkish Arabia, and Constantinople. The matters covered by the document concern events at Bahrein [Bahrain], Guttur [Qatar] - including Zobarah [Al Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. ], Odeid [al-‘Udaid], and El Bidaa [Doha] - Lahsa [al-Hasa], and the Trucial states.

The memorandum concludes by outlining the position of the Foreign Office, the Government of India, and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. (represented by the author) on the following four matters:

1. The status of Odeid;

2. The need to better define areas of responsibility and jurisdiction with the Porte, and whether to hold them responsible for order along the coast under their authority;

3. A revision of Britain's treaties with Bahrain, the Trucial chiefs, and Muscat;

4. The arrangement of Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. business between the Bushire Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and the Baghdad Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. .

The author quotes extensively from the correspondence and other sources, notes on which are to be found in the margin throughout.

Extent and format
1 file (21 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation for this description commences at folio 148 and terminates at folio 168, as it is part of a larger physical volume; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The main foliation sequence commences at the front cover, and terminates at the back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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'Persian Gulf - Turkish jurisdiction along the Arabian coast (Part II)' [‎161r] (29/45), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/18/B19/2, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023557944.0x00001f> [accessed 5 December 2019]

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