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'Persian Gulf - Turkish jurisdiction along the Arabian coast (Part II)' [‎166v] (40/45)

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The record is made up of 1 file (21 folios). It was created in 1 Sep 1879. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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t
66
Foreign SecrGtary addressed Colonel Ross as follows
(I7tli December 1878) :—*
" Witli regard to the proposal that the Political
Agent at Baghdad, and not the Resident in the
Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , should be the medium of communi
cation with the Turkish Government in respect to
disputes on the Turkish portion of the .Arabian
coast, I am to inquire what procedure is now
observed. It is understood that the Resident at
Bushire does refer such disputes to the Political
Agent at Baghdad for disposal, having first taken
any action which the circumstances may imme
diately require. If this be the system, the Govern
ment of India would be glad to know how it has
worked in practice, and whether any rule prescribing
its adoption has ever been laid down."
The Resident replied (20th January 1879) :—f
" I have the honour to state that the system of
procedure has been as understood by the Govern
ment of India. All ordinary disputes, complaints,
or irregularities coming to notice on the Arabian
coast, at places where Turkish jurisdiction is
regularly established, have invariably been referred
to the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in Turkish Arabia. Matters,
however, which involved questions of international
policy, or seemed to have special political signifi
cance, have been reported to the Government of
India only, for such action, through such channel
as Government should deem best. In cases affecting
the petty Chiefdoms (not trucial) whose connection
with the Turkish Government has not been affirmed,
or is vague and undefined, and where the local
Arab Sheikhs still administer, and with whom,
previous to the advent of the Turks, direct relations
had existed, the practice has been to refer to the
local Chiefs, in the first instance, and afford them
the opportunity of themselves effecting a settle
ment. Pailing that, appeal has been made, through
the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in Turkish Arabia, to the
Turkish provincial authorities.
" As to the working of this mode of procedure, I
cannot say that we have had the same success as
when we were in a position to enforce our demands.
But the local petty Chiefs, though to some extent
availing themselves of the Turkish connection to
screen themselves from the consequences of irregu
larities committed by their own people, have still
been reluctant to sever the long existing friendly
relations with the British representatives. Direct
representations have sometimes availed to obtain
redress, but I can find no instance recorded in
which appeal to the Turkish authorities through
the Political officers in Turkish Arabia has elicited
any satisfactory result."
The Government of India thus express their own
views:—
" There is no doubt that the Resident in the
Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. should keep the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in
Turkish Arabia fully informed of proceedings which
involve a reference to Turkish officials. In such
• Enclosure 12 in India
No. 127 of 1879.
f Enclosure No. 15, as
above.
V

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Content

A memorandum, written by Adolphus Warburton Moore, Assistant Secretary of the Political and Secret Department of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , 1 September 1879.

The document is a continuation of ' Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. - Turkish jurisdiction along the Arabian coast (Part I)' (IOR/L/PS/18/B19/1) and broadly addresses the same issues, namely, what to do about Turkish claims to sovereignty along the southern coast of the Gulf that could potentially impinge on Britain's treaty commitments with local rulers and their security responsibilities at sea (the suppression of piracy), and whether to come to some kind of comprehensive arrangement with the Ottoman Government to settle the matter. To support this, the document gives a history of recent affairs in the region, making extensive use of correspondence and memoranda mostly written between 1874 and 1879. The principal correspondents are from the Government of India, the Foreign Office, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , and various political and diplomatic offices in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , Turkish Arabia, and Constantinople. The matters covered by the document concern events at Bahrein [Bahrain], Guttur [Qatar] - including Zobarah [Al Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. ], Odeid [al-‘Udaid], and El Bidaa [Doha] - Lahsa [al-Hasa], and the Trucial states.

The memorandum concludes by outlining the position of the Foreign Office, the Government of India, and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. (represented by the author) on the following four matters:

1. The status of Odeid;

2. The need to better define areas of responsibility and jurisdiction with the Porte, and whether to hold them responsible for order along the coast under their authority;

3. A revision of Britain's treaties with Bahrain, the Trucial chiefs, and Muscat;

4. The arrangement of Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. business between the Bushire Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and the Baghdad Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. .

The author quotes extensively from the correspondence and other sources, notes on which are to be found in the margin throughout.

Extent and format
1 file (21 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation for this description commences at folio 148 and terminates at folio 168, as it is part of a larger physical volume; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The main foliation sequence commences at the front cover, and terminates at the back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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'Persian Gulf - Turkish jurisdiction along the Arabian coast (Part II)' [‎166v] (40/45), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/18/B19/2, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023557944.0x00002a> [accessed 12 December 2019]

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